Thursday, March 14, 2019
Book Review Wild Swans Essay
1. chief(prenominal) ThesisIn Wild Swans, Jung Chang describes the life of three generations of woman in her family. Beginning in the year 1909 and subverting in pre move beat, it gives an perspicacity into just about eighty years of the cultural history of china. Jung Chang has said in a interview that her intention in writing Wild Swans was to verbalise how the Chinese hatful, and in per centumicular the women in her family, fought tenaciously and courageously against insufferable odds. The ledger is a testimony to the strength and determination of her granny knot, her mother, and herself and their resourcefulness in recreating themselves during suffering, humiliation and disillusionment. She interweaves personal and historical stories fluently and the stories of these women and their families act as a lens through which you gain insight into the turbulent history of ordinal century China. The most substantial themes in this book argon crush laid of family, loyalty and self-sacrifice2. Chapter SummariesThe book starts by relating the biography of Changs grandmother, Yu-fang. later on the birth of Changs mother, De-hong, the book moves to her story. afterward the birth of the Jung Chang, the focus of the book now shifts again to c everywhere Jungs admit autobiography.Chapter 1The gravel of Yu-fang, was Yang Ru-shan, born in 1894 as the except son. It was his duty to produce heirs to brood the family name. One a year after he married he got a daughter, Yu-fang. Political unrest caused problems for many in China oer the next years. He arranges that a powerful warlord general, Xue Zhi-heng constricts Yu-Fang as his concubine at age fifteen. The general stays only a few old age after the traditional conjugation and then kick ins, not returning for hexad years. During his next brief overthrow, Yu-Fang gos pregnant. The generals household is run by his legal wife and the head concubines. The wife immediately lays claim to Yu-Fangs daughte r, who the general named Bao Qin. Yu-Fang kidnaps her daughter and escapes from the household. She lies, saying that the child go byd during their arouse. When the general dies, Yu-Fang discovers that one of his concluding actions was to release her from her duties as his concubine.Chapter 2Soon after, Dr. Xia, a matured bear on of Manchurian ancestry, f in alls in love with Jungs grandmother and the feelings could be felt the same from Jung Changs grandmother as well. The restitute proposes and grandmother says yes. Although not thrilled with the marriage, Jung Changs grandmothers pay back agrees to the marriage and sends her daughter off with a traditional wedding. When Dr. Xias three sons, their wives, and grandchildren instruct near the marriage, theyre extremely angry. The grandmother take ups quite a tour of harassment from the family and the eldest son even commits suicide, nevertheless the wedding even so continues. He accepts Yu-Fangs daughter, who he renames D e-hong, meaning virtue and wild corroborate.Chapter 3China is animation under Japanese rule. later on wretched to a new province of Manchuria, Jung Changs grandmother, now living with Dr. Xia, begins to crystallise how terrible life is under the Japanese. The Japanese rulers argon very cruel. The people are only allowed to eat acorn meal and sorghum, as the Second terra firma War drags on, fewer rations and supplies are given to the people in Manchuria as Japan is losing the war. Finally, an American B-52 bomber flies overhead and she realizes that Japan had thusly lost the war. As Japans last officers commit suicide or run away, the t acceptship is in chaos just handle the rest of Manchuria.Chapter 4The Japanese are replaced by Soviets who were almost as bad. They pillaged and raped, taking what they cherished and dismantling entire factories. However, they short leave and the Kuomintang arrives in shining uni contours and rifles. The Kuomintang turns out to be oppressiv e and ineffective at keeping justice and peace. The remaining Japanese are systematically polish off by the Russians and the Kuomintang. After a while the country is in a civil war between the Kuomintang and the Communists. De-hong sees communism becoming increasingly important to many people but has yet to constitute up her own mind about the situation. She continues to watch those in power, including those over the teaching condition where she now resides. When she learns that a favorite teacher and then her best familiarity, first cousin Hu, had been Communists and had been either chased from the city or executed for their political beliefs, she makes up her mind that she, excessively, will become a Communist.Chapter 5De-hong asks to be a part of the communist movement but shes found too young. A short time later, she begins distributing Communist literature. The economic situation is so bad that the family has no savings and Dr. Xia, now nearly eighty, is worried about wha t will happen when he dies. Extortion is rampant, food is scarce, and the money that does exist has almost no value. De-hong becomes friendly with a Kuomintang general. Using his military freedom, they go outdoors the walled city occasionally and De-hong leaves messages for her Communist counterparts.. The Communists then start regular barrage of the city, including one dud shell that crashes into the home of De-hongs family.Chapter 6De-Hong helps make clean up the carnage cause by all the civil war. When the communists take over the town, they do not pillage, rape, or extort as all the other groups of people had done in the beginning them. Many are decent and kind and seem to be the fit kind of soldiers who destroyed the Kuomintang. When De-Hong reports to receive her first assignment for the communists, she instantly reflects in love with a dreamy man, named Wang Yu, who was a high ranking communist official. He had been on many dangerous missions with the communists and ros e through the ranks by existence extremely loyal to the fellowship and its ideals of sever equality. The two and several other teachers and students travel by train to another communist held town for fear that the town may be retaken by the Kuomintang and there, the two fall in love. Wang Yu in conclusion submits a request to talk about marriage to the party leading and the two are engaged and finally married.Chapter 7Changs parents conjunction a group of people traveling south. The start is dangerous as civil war is still raging. The walk is unyielding and hard, walking forty days to reach their destination, Nanjing. Her mother is forced to walk but her sire is allowed to loosee in a jeep, a privilege he accepts. De-hong is soon pregnant though she doesnt realize it until shes in the cover of miscarrying because of the ordeal. Shes very heartbroken and angry at her husband. After the miscarriage, her parents are separated because of his transfer to Yibin. It takes her fou r months to recover and then make the trip to him. During that time, her anger has cooled and they are happy to see each other.Chapter 8When Changs parents arrive in Yibin, her mystify is appointed leader and returns to a form of his former name, Chang Shou-yu. He and her mother live together in a mansion confiscated by the Communists. Changs grandmother, Fang-Yu, despite her bound feet and difficulty walking, makes the long trek from Jinzhou to Yibin to see De-hong. De-hong gives birth to her first daughter, Xiao-hong.Chapter 9This chapter tells of her moms life as being in the Public Affairs division in Yibin. She tells of living with a denouncing of her grandmother, the birth of herself and the strictness of her father. Being part of the Communist was hard and had many of its hardships. Having a husband was harder for her mother than anything else.Chapter 10Changs mother goes under suspicion during the course of this chapter. Being that she had near relations with Kuomintang p articipants she went under suspicion. But, after all that she had to go through, she was able to be free of any complaints.Chapter 11During this chapter, monoamine oxidase decides to purge the Communist party again. This time devises that most people are rightists and need to leave the party, which vitiate their lives forever. However, he got help this time and make all of his officials get rid of 5 % of their total participants. In the end, Changs mother was able to get to this quota after many different approaches of convicting people of being a rightist.Chapter 12A famine strikes the land of China during this chapter. Many people die and starve from this famine all because monoamine oxidase decides to make this situation get a line like their wasnt a famine at all. monoamine oxidase wanted to produce steel which led to a drop in yield of food which leads to the famine. But, the famine gets cleared after Mao lets others to take charge of the situation.Chapter 13Chang describes life in a compound during this chapter. Moving into a compound was for Chang and her siblings to go to a very nice and prestigious school. liveliness in a compound was very contained with its many entertainment locations. on that point was no need to go outside the compound for any reason. She overly tells of how nice her life was as a child, living in a home where she was a good kid and her family noticed that.Chapter 14This chapter describes the suit that occurred with the cult of Mao. Many youths were forced into living like Lei Fang, a man who had a huge fondness for lead Mao and living his entire life revolving around him. Education included studying the lecture of Lei Fang and viewing the beatings of class-enemies.Chapter 15After hearing about the give way of Stalins Russia, Mao realized that he represented a Stalin number waiting to be overthrown by his own people. In order to mark off this from happening, Mao endorses books called The Quotations of Chairman Mao. This book contained his quotes and would be used to strengthen his popularity with the Chinese. In short, Maos control over China tightened throughout this chapter.Chapter 16Not until, chapter 16 did Maos rule become apparent. Mao issued the use of Red Guards who he said protected and fought for Mao (in other words his own police force). Most of these Red Guards came from the families of high officials and came as teenagers. These Red Guards beef up Maos word and rule and when someone was betraying Mao, he or she would be beaten, raided, tortured, or executed.Chapter 17Jung Changs father starts to question Maos actions and asks whether if the actions of the Chinese are justified. Eventually Jung Changs father writes a letter to Mao explaining the wrongs of Maos actions (which in the words of Mao, was considered against Mao and could face charges such as death). He soon serves time in handle. Also he starts to oppose Maos thoughts and expresses them out moth-eaten which can lead to ver y harsh outcomes.Chapter 18To summarize this chapter, Jung Chang and her friends make a pilgrimage to Peking. The goal of this pilgrimage to see the Great Chairman Mao. Chapter 19 The control of Mao switches into high gear. Because her parents become branded as capitalist-roaders they suffer from many brutal denunciation meetings, beatings, harassment, and embarrassment. They are hurt for their crime of being capitalist roaders and bitterness starts to a encouragement because they were only ever loyal to Mao.Chapter 20Jung Changs father soon serves time in detention (due to sending another letter to Mao) and his wife makes a trip to Peking in order to speak to Premier chuck Enlai, who she believes could help in their situation. On her way to Peking she meets two lovers Yan and Yong who pairing her. Finally with the help of Premier Zhou Enlai, Jung Changs father no longer served in detention. However, this does not end well. While in detention the guard watching over Jung Chans fat her plays mind games with him and convinces him that his wife created a conspiracy against him. Things got out of hand causing them to sleep in seperate areas and forces Jung Changs fathers mental and physical health to deteriorate (which later, his health imporved). Next more denunciation meetings hold misery for the parents.Chapter 21Chapter 21 discusses some of the events that occured within her family. (her siblings) For example, Xiao-heis becomes a member of a gang and Jin-mings black market book experience. Along with these events being told, she tells of people drawing lines between their enemies and friends, sometimes causing friends to betray each other. Luckily her friends did not tell on Jung Chang which relates back to the title of the chapter, free Charcoal in the Snow, that refers to helping out others when needed. Also in this chapter, Jung Chang experiences her first time in a university.Chapter 22Within this chapter, Mao institutes the idea of thought reform throu gh labor. The intentions of this quote made Communists all around China to go to the countryside and work alongside the peasants (Jung Chang was sent to Ningnan). Mao said that it would make the Communists closer to China. Sadly, at the end of the chapter, the friends of Jung Chang pronounced her grandmother dead.Chapter 23To summarize this chapter, Jung Chang pursues her public life as a barefoot doctor. Mao defined barefoot doctors as doctors that could be turned out en masse. However, before she became a barefoot doctor she was relocated to another peasant village, Deyang, where she learns of what happened to China before the Cultural Revolution.Chapter 24With her entire family on the mission of complete thought reform through labor, Jung Chang decides to visit her parents who can be found in separate locations. Her mother in Buffalo male child Flatland and her father in a labor camp. While visiting her father, she tries to jeer him up by keeping him company. Eventually other family members come visit which allowed her father to not suffer from suicidal thoughts and whatnot. In the end, Jung Changs father apologizes to Jin-ming, her brother, about their current situation and past events.Chapter 25In this chapter, Jung Chang takes her career in being an electrician. In her factory, she meets Day and eventually they both fall in love. However, it becomes shortlived because of their different social status. In the end, Jung Changs father dies and she enrolls into an english university.Chapter 26Education in China becomes less stressed, as yet those who had connections with officials became legible to enter universities, through the process which later became known as using the back door. Teachings elements became based on Mao as well as military tactics and defending the country.Chapter 27This chapter gives rise to the death of Jung Changs father. Her father died due to a heart assault which a doctor refused to see immediately. In his honor, an elaborate funeral was held for Jung Changs father. After the funeral, Jung Changs school decides to go on a field trip to the Chinese port, Zhanjiang, where the students could practice their English with the incoming and outgoing sailors. At the end of the chapter, Jung Changs Party secretary announces the death of Chairman Mao.Chapter 28After the death of Mao, the Chinese become a bit confused on what they should do. The idea of studying in the West became very prominent, as the giving medication handed out scholarships for those wanting to go to the West. The story ends as Jung Chang traveled to the West in search of broadening her horizons and experiencing more freedom.