Saturday, December 28, 2019

The Dangers Of Lack Of Sleep Deprivation - 913 Words

Alexis Timm Mr. Frisbie Contemporary Lit, 3rd Hour October 16, 2017 The Dangers of Lack of Sleep in Highschoolers Sleep deprivation in high school students is creating a long list of problems in their health and academic areas. Sleep deprivation has been linked to many different health effects, and a major cause of sleep deprivation in high schooler s is the start time of their first morning class. Many different studies have been conducted concerning start times in schools and the current time that schools begin classes, is wreaking havoc on student health. Sleep has been shown to be a biological necessity and adolescents are the least likely to get enough sleep. Teenagers need an average of 9 hours of sleep per night, though most†¦show more content†¦(Backgrounder) A lack of sleep has been linked to risky health behaviors, such as lack of physical activity, suicidal thoughts or actions, and substance use/abuse. Sleep deprivation can lead to obesity and type 2 diabetes. (Minges) Research shows that the typical teenager’s natural time to fall asleep may be around eleven pm or even later, because with this change in their biological clocks, teens may feel wide awake at bedtime, even if they are exhausted. North America, South America, Asia, Australia, and Europe all have found evidence for adolescent sleep patterns being naturally scheduled to be later at night. Teenage sleep deprivation is largely driven by a constant war between teens’ internal biological clocks and the schedules and demands of society. (Backgrounder) Paragraph 4 As children grow, they begin to naturally prefer going to bed at a later time in the night and wake up later in the day (Kirby) however, schools do not reflect these changes in their start times. Research has shown that teenagers require almost the same amount of sleep as they did as children (Backgrounder). Teens are the least likely age group to get enough sleep, averaging around 7 hours per night instead of the required average of 9 hours. Sleep deprivation can lead to obesity, diabetes, and in some cases, can increase theShow MoreRelatedSleep Deprivation In Adolescents. Sleep Is Very Important.1741 Words   |  7 PagesSleep Deprivation in Adolescents Sleep is very important. Many people have probably heard this many times, but often they do not realize how important it really is, especially for adolescents. A scary statistic from the National Sleep Foundation states that driving as a sleep deprived individual is equivalent to driving with a BAC (Blood Alcohol Content) of around 0.08%. Additionally, annually more than 100,000 accidents happen because of sleep deprived drivers(â€Å"Teens and Sleep†, p.1). Some peopleRead MoreThe Effects Of Sleep Deprivation On Sleep Disorders926 Words   |  4 PagesCommission on Sleep Disorders Research, â€Å"at least 40 million Americans suffer from chronic, long-term sleep disorders† (Sleep Disorders and Sleeping Problems†). There are several causes for the increase in lack of sleep or sleep deprivation; which include, using electronics late at night, using your bed for more than just sleeping, and anxiety. As a result of modern technology, there are many people who every now and then don’t sleep well, but there are several who experience what is called sleep deprivation:Read MoreCause And Effect Essay Sleep Deprivation1134 Words   |  5 PagesCause and Effect Essay Sleep Deprivation Cause and effect Essay Sleep deprivation Most people have at least stayed awake for the entire night once during their lifetime. This behavior is common amongst individuals enrolled in High School or pursuing University degree. One might wonder how lack of sleep for the night impact him/her. However, it has being proven that being awake for 24 hours has unpleasant effects on health.So why is sleep so important? How does lack of sleep impact one’s mood so significantlyRead MoreWhy We Need Sleep1376 Words   |  6 PagesWe Need Sleep Sleep is a very important aspect of our lives and people rely on it to re-energize them so they can continue onto the next day. Although sleep is thought to conserve energy it actually drains your metabolism by 5-10%. However, sleep is very beneficial to humans. Sleeping progresses the bodies’ growth and rejuvenates the immune, skeletal, nervous and muscular systems. Sleep also improves short-term memory, mood, efficiency, concentration, and it is actually believed that sleep also helpsRead MoreThe Effects Of Negative Habits On College1681 Words   |  7 PagesAn Analysis of Negative Habits in College Negative habits such as alcoholism, abuse of drugs, sleep deprivation, and procrastination impact minority students more than non-minority students. Many students go off to college every year and do not stay on track. They begin college with the best of intentions: go to class, excel, and eventually graduate. College is very fun, but it is also a time in your life where you have to learn what to put first, and what can wait for later. Some students suchRead MoreThe Effects Of Sleep Deprivation On Sleep Disorders971 Words   |  4 Pagesbecome more about of society there has been a trend in people who are not getting a full night’s rest. According to the National Commission on Sleep Disorders Research, â€Å"at least 40 million Americans suffer from chronic, long-term sleep disorders† (Sleep Disorders and Sleeping Problems†). There are several causes for the increase in lack of sleep or sleep deprivation; which include, using electronics late at night, using your bed for more than just sleeping, and anxiety. As a result, of more American’sRead MoreSleep Deprivation And Sleep Disorders976 Words   |  4 Pagesbecome more about of society there has been a trend in people who are not getting a full night’s rest. According to the National Commission on Sleep Disorders Research, â€Å"at least 40 million Americans suffer from chronic, long-term sleep disorders† (Sleep Disorders and Sleeping Problems†). There are several causes for the increase in lack of sleep or sleep deprivation; which include, using electronics late at night, using your bed for more than just sleeping, and anxiety. As a result, of more American’sRead MoreSleep Deprivation And Its Effects On The Brain And Body905 Words   |  4 PagesWhile loss of sleep must be required at times, sleep deprivation has become a problem worth addressing because it is a very common sleep disorder which can adversely affect the brain and cognitive function. However, It has many effects on a human brain such as depression, memory lapses or loss, and symptoms similar to ADHD. In order to identify what sleep deprivation is, it is necessary to understand how sleep is a necessity for the human brain and body. Sleep is the most important part of one sRead MoreSleep Deprivation Negatively Influences Driving Performance1722 Words   |  7 Pagesaverage person is generally awake for around 16 hours a day, however sometimes within busy lives sleep may become a last priority between family and work, and thus extending the period a person is awake (Williamson Feyer, 2000). In this essay, it will be argued that sleep deprivation negatively influences driving performance, as it has been found that driving for long periods of time or after sleep deprivation leads to poor driving performance as levels of alertness are low. Two empirical studies haveRead MoreThe Effects Of Sleep Deprivation On Children s Routine Performance And Interaction Skills979 Words   |  4 PagesSleep deprivation has likely harmed most people’s routine performance and interaction skills at least enough to alarm them of its profound impairment to their mental and physical state. Everyone knows the feeling of being sh ort-tempered and irritable because they didn’t get enough sleep the night before, but many also know the feeling of delirium and decreased cognitive abilities associated with many frightening consequences such as surmountable drops in their ability to communicate well with others

Thursday, December 19, 2019

Pathophysiology Of Diabetic Neuropathy And Diabetes

Pathophysiology of diabetic neuropathy Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects blood glucose levels. Diabetes is the loss of pancreatic metabolic activity that is responsible for the use of energy, which comes from glucose that an individual consumes. There are two types of diabetes: Type 1 Diabetes is the failure of pancreas to secrete a hormone called insulin; responsible for the removal of glucose from the body to be used in the muscles for energy. Type 2 Diabetes is the failure of using the insulin that is secreted form the pancreas. Individuals with controlled blood sugar levels due to normal functioning of the endocrine system, avoid several complications. However, a high percentage of individuals suffering from diabetes also consequently suffer from hyperglycemia. Uncontrolled diabetes can lead to many serious cardiovascular diseases in the body like retinopathy, nephropathy and mainly neuropathy (Kumar et al., 2007), but the neuropathy severity is determined by the duration and intensity of uncontrolled blood sugar levels (Tesfaye et al., 2005). About 50-60 % of diabetic patients suffer from diabetic neuropathy, and it generates from having constant hyperglycemia leading to nerve damage in the body, mainly the extremities starting from the legs and feet (Kumar et al., 2007). Patients describe the symptoms as ‘numbness’, ‘pins and needles’, burning, tingling and weakness of the muscles (Dejgaard, 1998). Severe cases leads to amputation of the limbs (Kumar etShow MoreRelatedDiabetic M icrovascular : Leading Cause Blindness762 Words   |  4 PagesDiabetic microvascular complications are the leading cause of blindness, end-stage renal diseases, and other neuropathies due to hypoxia and ischemia in the retina, the kidney, and nerves. Thickening of the capillary basement membrane result in decreased tissue perfusion. Many people with type 2 diabetes present with microvascular complications because of the long duration of asymptomatic hyperglycemia that usually precedes diagnosis (Mccaine and Huther). Diabetic Retinopathy Diabetic retinopathyRead MoreIs Diabetes A Chronic Metabolic Disorder?1161 Words   |  5 PagesDiabetes, a chronic metabolic disorder, affects 9.3% of the U.S population. The prevalence is much higher in the population of age 65 or older, reaching 25.9%. It was the seventh leading cause of death in the U.S in 2010, evidenced by a total of 234,051 certificates including both underlying causes and contributing causes. Multiple factors contribute to the development of diabetes, although the exact pathogenesis is still undetermined. Patients with diabetes usually require a lifestyle change, dietRead MoreMain Aspects Of Wellness Should Be Promoted For Sally1458 Words   |  6 PagesNowadays, increased number of people suffering from type 2 diabetes may develop several significant complications. These complications can be classified as microvascular disease like retinopathy, nephronpathy, neuropathy and macrovasular disease, such as severe cardiovascular disease. (Forbes Cooper, 2013) . According to Sally’s condition, her health has been affected by neuropathy, which is leg ulcer. This essay will be focused on one symptom which is leg ulcers that had very serious impacts toRead MoreDPN Case Study738 Words   |  3 Pagespsychological functioning. The glycemic control: several studies showed that intensive glycemic therapy can result in a statistically insignificant reduction in the development of neuropathy. (Callaghan BC, et al 2012) Support for a positive effect of intensive treatment comes from the United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study (UKPDS) Group (1998) which revealed a statistically significant decrease in the risk of DPN with intensive treatment after 15 years duration of treatment. Overall, this controversialRead MoreEssay on Diabetes Mellitus1447 Words   |  6 PagesDiabetes Mellitus Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death listed in the United States. Diabetes is the leading cause of blindness. â€Å"In 1996 diabetes contributed to more than 162,000 deaths†(Lewis 1367).   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã¢â‚¬Å"Diabetes mellitus is not a single disease but a group of disorders with glucose intolerance in common† (McCance 674). Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia (increased blood sugar) and results from defective insulin production, secretion, andRead MoreInformative Essay on Diabetes1506 Words   |  7 PagesAn Informative Essay On Diabetes Mellitus Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death listed in the United States. Diabetes is the leading cause of blindness. In 1996 diabetes contributed to more than 162,000 deaths(Lewis 1367). Diabetes mellitus is not a single disease but a group of disorders with glucose intolerance in common (McCance 674). Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia (increased blood sugar) and results from defective insulin productionRead MorePathophysiology Of Type II Non Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus1575 Words   |  7 PagesPathophysiology of Type II Non-Insulin Dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM): Type II Non-insulin dependent diabetes is the most common. It often occurs in older adults, patients who are overweight, and patient with metabolic disorders. It can happen at any age though. The tissues in the body have built some resistance to insulin. The insulin levels in these patients can vary from low to high and can also be normal. You might be at risk of developing Non-insulin dependent diabetes if you have a familyRead MoreSymptoms And Treatment Of Type II Diabetes1253 Words   |  6 PagesA 60-year-old woman with a 10-year history of Type II diabetes presents with multiple complications including retinopathy, peripheral neuropathy and declining renal function. She has not had the urge to eat as of recently she feels â€Å"full† after a few bites. The incidence of nausea and feeling bloated occurs at least twice a day and even after a glass of water she feels bloated. She also complains of fatigue and not been able to keep up with daily chores. A radiographic gastri c emptying study showsRead MoreDiabetic Nephropathy : The Major Complications Of Diabetes Mellitus1573 Words   |  7 PagesDiabetic Nephropathy Diabetic nephropathy is one of the major complications of diabetes mellitus. Current statistics suggests that diabetic nephropathy is the leading cause of chronic kidney disease in the United States as well as many other Western societies. It is also reported to be one of the most significant long-term complications in terms of morbidity and mortality for individual patients with diabetes. Diabetes is responsible for 30-40% of all end-stage renal disease (ESRD) cases in the UnitedRead MoreEndocrine Research Paper Pathophysiology: Diabetes Mellitus1384 Words   |  6 Pagesworld population)(Diabetes Facts). When people think about epidemics that affect the world today, the first ones that usually come to mind are those that kill of millions of people every year such as HIV, malaria, or the influenza. There are even those that haven’t been as deadly but have gained extreme notoriety such as the H1N1 virus, cholera, and anthrax. For this paper forget about HIV, H1N1, cholera, a nd the influenza; introducing Diabetes mellitus: a silent epidemic. Diabetes mellitus or commonly

Wednesday, December 11, 2019

Lung Cancer Essay Research Paper Lung cancer free essay sample

Lung Cancer Essay, Research Paper Lung malignant neoplastic disease is non merely one disease but instead a group of diseases. All signifiers of malignant neoplastic disease cause cells in the organic structure to alter and turn out of control. Most types of malignant neoplastic disease cells form a ball or mass called a tumour. Cells from the tumour can interrupt off and travel to other parts of the organic structure where they can go on to turn. This distributing procedure is called metastasis. When malignant neoplastic disease spreads, it is still named after the portion of the organic structure where it started. For illustration, if breast malignant neoplastic disease spreads to the lungs, it is still breast malignant neoplastic disease, non lung malignant neoplastic disease. Another word for cancerous is malignant, so a cancerous tumour is referred to as malignant. But non all tumours are malignant neoplastic disease. A tumour that is non malignant neoplastic disease is called benign. Benign tumours do non turn and distribute the manner malignant neoplastic disease does. They are normally non a menace to life. A few malignant neoplastic diseases, such as blood malignant neoplastic diseases ( leukaemia ) , do non organize a tumour. Most malignant neoplastic diseases are named after the portion of the organic structure where the malignant neoplastic disease foremost starts. Lung malignant neoplastic disease begins in the lungs. The lungs are two sponge-like variety meats in the thorax. The right lung has three subdivisions, called lobes. The left lung has two lobes. It is smaller because the bosom takes up more room on that side of the organic structure. The lungs bring air in and out of the organic structure, taking in O and acquiring rid of C dioxide gas, a waste merchandise. The run alonging around the lungs, called the pleura, helps to protect the lungs and allows them to travel during external respiration. The trachea ( windpipe ) brings air down into the lung s. It divides into tubings called bronchial tube, which divide into smaller subdivisions called bronchioles. At the terminal of these little subdivisions are bantam air sacs known as air sac. Most lung malignant neoplastic diseases start in the liner of the bronchial tubes but they can besides get down in other countries such as the windpipe, bronchioles, or air sac. Lung malignant neoplastic disease frequently takes many old ages to develop. Once the lung malignant neoplastic disease occurs, malignant neoplastic disease cells can interrupt off and spread to other parts of the organic structure. Lung malignant neoplastic disease is a life- threatening disease because it frequently spreads in this manner before it is found. Lung malignant neoplastic disease is the taking cause of malignant neoplastic disease decease for both work forces and adult females. During the twelvemonth 2000 there will be approximately 164,100 new instances of lung malignant neoplastic disease in this state. About 156,900 people will decease of lung malignant neoplastic disease: about 89,300 work forces and 67,600 adult females. More people dice of lung malignant neoplastic disease than of colon, chest, and prostate malignant neoplastic diseases combined. Lung malignant neoplastic disease is reasonably rare in people under the age of 40. The mean age of people found to hold lung malignant neoplastic disease is 60. If lung malignant neoplastic disease is found and treated by surgery early, before it has spread to lymph nodes or other variety meats, the five-year endurance rate is about 42 % . However, few lung malignant neoplastic diseases are found at this early phase. The five-year endurance rate for all phases of lung malignant neoplastic disease combined was 14 % in 1995, the last twelvemonth for which we have national informations. A hazard factor is something that increases a individual # 8217 ; s opportunity of acquiring a disease. Some hazard factors, like smoke, can be controll ed. Others, such as a individual # 8217 ; s age, can # 8217 ; t be changed. Smoke is by far the taking hazard factor for lung malignant neoplastic disease. More than 8 out of 10 lung malignant neoplastic diseases are thought to ensue from smoke. The longer a individual has been smoking, and the more battalions per twenty-four hours smoked, the greater the hazard. If a individual stops smoking before lung malignant neoplastic disease develops, the lung tissue easy returns to normal. Stoping smoking at any age lowers the hazard of lung malignant neoplastic disease. Cigar and pipe smoke are about as likely to do lung malignant neoplastic disease as coffin nail smoke. There is no grounds that smoking low pitch coffin nails reduces the hazard of lung malignant neoplastic disease. Nonsmokers who breathe the fume of others besides increase their hazard of lung malignant neoplastic disease. Non- smoke partners of tobacco users, for illustration, have a 30 % greater hazard of developing lu ng malignant neoplastic disease than do partners of nonsmokers. Workers exposed to tobacco fume in the workplace are besides more likely to acquire lung malignant neoplastic disease. There are other hazard factors for lung malignant neoplastic disease besides smoke. Peoples who work with asbestos have a higher hazard of acquiring lung malignant neoplastic disease. If they besides smoke, the hazard is greatly increased. The type of lung malignant neoplastic disease linked to asbestos, mesothelioma, frequently starts in the pleura. This type of malignant neoplastic disease is covered in a separate American Cancer Society papers. Although asbestos was used for many old ages, the authorities has now about stopped its usage in the workplace and in place merchandises. Besides smoke and asbestos, there are a few other hazard factors for lung malignant neoplastic disease. These include certain cancer-causing agents in the workplace, Rn gas, and lung scarring from some types of pneumonia. Be sides, people who have had lung malignant neoplastic disease in the yesteryear have a higher opportunity of holding it once more and, as mentioned earlier, the hazard of lung malignant neoplastic disease increases with age. Some surveies have shown that the lung cells of adult females who smoke may develop malignant neoplastic disease more easy than those of work forces. Clearly, the best manner to forestall lung malignant neoplastic disease is non to smoke or be around those who do. Young people should non get down smoke, and those who already smoke should discontinue. Everyone, particularly babes and kids, should be protected from take a breathing in other people # 8217 ; s fume. While some people believe that air pollution is a major cause of lung malignant neoplastic disease, the truth is that air pollution merely somewhat increases the hazard. Smoke is by far the more of import cause. Even so, some people who have neer smoked or worked with asbestos still acquire lung malignan t neoplastic disease. Since we do non cognize why this happens, there is no certain manner to forestall it. Since most people with early lung malignant neoplastic disease do non hold any symptoms, merely approximately 15 % of lung malignant neoplastic diseases are found in the early phases. Although most lung malignant neoplastic diseases do non do symptoms until they have spread, you should describe any of the following symptoms to your physician right off. Often these jobs are caused by some other status, but if lung malignant neoplastic disease is found, prompt intervention could widen your life and relieve symptoms. A cough that does non travel off Chest hurting, frequently made worse by deep external respiration Hoarseness Weight loss and loss of appetite Bloody or rust-colored phlegm ( tongue or emotionlessness ) Shortness of breath Fever without a known ground Recuring infections such as bronchitis and pneumonia New oncoming of wheezing When lung malignant neoplastic disease spreads to distant variety meats, it may do: Bone hurting Weakness or numbness of the weaponries or legs, dizziness Yellow colouring of the tegument and eyes ( icterus ) Masses near the surface of the organic structure, caused by malignant neoplastic disease distributing to the tegument or to lymph nodes in the cervix or above the clavicle Less frequently, there are some other bunchs of symptoms ( called syndromes ) that can indicate to a possible lung malignant neoplastic disease. Recently, some new trials to happen lung malignant neoplastic disease early have been developed. These trials are still being studied and are non yet used on a regular footing. If there is a ground to surmise you may hold lung malignant neoplastic disease, the physician will utilize one or more methods to happen out if the disease is truly present. In add-on, a biopsy of the lung tissue will corroborate the diagnosing of malignant neoplastic disease and besides give valuable information that will assist i n doing intervention determinations. If these trials find lung malignant neoplastic disease, more trials will be done to happen out how far the malignant neoplastic disease has spread. After taking your medical history and making a physical test the physician might desire to make some of the followers: Imaging trials: these trials use x- beams, magnetic Fieldss, sound moving ridges or radioactive substances to make images of the interior of the organic structure. Some of the imagination trials used to happen lung malignant neoplastic disease and to see where in the organic structure it may hold spread include X raies, CT scan ( computed imaging ) , MRI ( magnetic resonance imagination ) , PET ( positron emanation imaging ) scans, and bone scans. Sputum cytology: a sample of emotionlessness ( tongue ) is looked at under a microscope to see if malignant neoplastic disease cells are present. Needle biopsy: a acerate leaf is placed into the tumour to take a piece of tissue. The tissue i s looked at in the lab to see if malignant neoplastic disease cells are present. Bronchoscopy: a lighted, flexible tubing is passed through the oral cavity into the bronchial tube. This trial can assist happen tumours or it can be used to take samples of tissue or fluids to see if malignant neoplastic disease cells are present. Mediastinoscopy: with the patient asleep, tissue samples are taken from the lymph nodes along the trachea through a little hole cut into the cervix. Again, looking at the tissue under a microscope can demo if malignant neoplastic disease cells are present. Bone marrow biopsy: a acerate leaf is used to take a little piece of bone, normally from the dorsum of the hip bone. The sample is checked for malignant neoplastic disease cells. Blood trials: certain blood trials are frequently done to assist see if the lung malignant neoplastic disease has spread to the liver or castanetss. There are two major types of lung malignant neoplastic disease. The first is littl e cell lung malignant neoplastic disease, or SCLC. The other is non- little cell lung malignant neoplastic disease, or NSCLC. If the malignant neoplastic disease has characteristics of both types, it is called assorted little cell/large cell malignant neoplastic disease. Small cell lung malignant neoplastic disease histories for approximately 20 % of all lung malignant neoplastic diseases. Although the malignant neoplastic disease cells are little, they can multiply rapidly and organize big tumours. The tumours can distribute to the lymph nodes and to other variety meats such as the encephalon, the liver, and the castanetss. Small cell lung malignant neoplastic disease is normally caused by smoking. Other names for little cell lung malignant neoplastic disease are oat cell malignant neoplastic disease and little cell uniform carcinoma. Non-small cell lung malignant neoplastic disease is the most common type of lung malignant neoplastic disease, accounting for about 80 % of lung mali gnant neoplastic diseases. There are three subtypes within this group. Some types grow m ore quickly than others. Ask your doctor to explain which of these you have. There are a few other rare types of lung cancer not covered in this document. Staging is the process of finding out how far the cancer has spread. This is very important because your treatment and the outlook for your recovery depend on the stage of your cancer. There are different staging systems for small cell and non-small cell lung cancer. Small cell lung cancer staging For small cell lung cancer a two-stage system is most often used. These are limited stage and extensive stage. Limited stage usually means that the cancer is only in one lung and in lymph nodes on the same side of the chest. If the cancer has spread to the other lung, to lymph nodes on the other side of the chest, or to distant organs, it is called extensive. Small cell lung cancer is staged in this way because it helps to determine the best treatment for each group. Many people with small cell lung cancer will already have extensive di sease when it is found. The staging system most often used for non-small cell lung cancer is the TNM system, also known as the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) system. T stands for tumor (its size and how far it has spread within the lung and to nearby organs) N stands for spread to lymph nodes M stands for metastasis (spread to distant organs) All of this information is combined and a stage is assigned. The stages are described using Roman numerals 0-IV (1-4). In general, the lower the number, the less the cancer has spread. A higher number, such as stage IV (4), means a more serious cancer. After looking at your test results, the doctor will tell you the stage of your cancer. Be sure to ask your doctor to explain your stage in a way you understand. This will help you both decide on the best treatment for you. There is a lot for you to think about when choosing the best way to treat or manage your cancer. There may be more than one treatment to choose from. You may feel th at you need to make a decision quickly. But give yourself time to absorb the information you have learned. Talk to your doctor. Look at the list of questions at the end of this piece to get some ideas. Then add your own. You may want to get a second opinion. Your doctor should not mind your doing this. In fact, some insurance companies require you to get a second opinion. You may not need to have tests done again since the results can often be sent to the second doctor. If you are in an HMO (health maintenance organization), find out about their policy concerning second opinions. The treatment options for lung cancer are surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy, either alone or in combination, depending on the stage of the tumor. Depending on the type and stage of the cancer, surgery may be used to remove the tumor and some of the lung tissue around it. If a lobe (section) of the lung is removed, the surgery is called a lobectomy. Removing only part of the lobe is called a wedge resection. If the entire lung is removed, the surgery is called a pnuemonectomy. These operations are done with the patient asleep. A hospital stay of one or two weeks is usually needed. There will be some pain after the surgery because the surgeon has to cut through the ribs to get to the lungs. People whose lungs are in good condition (other than the cancer) can often return to normal activities after a lobe or even an entire lung is removed. However, if they also have diseases such as emphysema or chronic bronchitis (common among heavy smokers), then they may have long-term shortness of breath. For people who can’t have the usual surgery because of lung disease or other medical problems, or because the cancer is widespread, other types of surgery (for example, laser surgery) can be done to relieve symptoms. Chemotherapy refers to the use of drugs to kill cancer cells. Usually the drugs are given into a vein or by mouth. Once the drugs enter the bloodstream, they spread th roughout the body.Often several drugs are given at the same time. Depending on the type and stage of lung cancer, chemotherapy may be given as the main treatment or in addition to surgery. Chemotherapy can have some side effects. These side effects will depend on the type of drugs given, the amount taken, and how long treatment lasts. Common side effects could include nausea and vomiting, loss of appetite, temporary hair loss, mouth sores, an increased risk of infections, and fatigue. Anyone who has problems with side effects should talk with their doctor or nurse as there are often ways to help. Radiation therapy is treatment with high energy rays (such as x-rays) to kill or shrink cancer cells. The radiation may come from outside the body (external radiation) or from radioactive materials placed directly in the tumor (internal or implant radiation). External radiation is the type most often used to treat lung cancer. Radiation is sometimes used as the main treatment of lung cancer , for example, for those people who may not be healthy enough to have surgery. For other patients, radiation might be used after surgery to kill small areas of cancer that can’t be seen and removed during surgery. Radiation can also be used to relieve symptoms such as pain, bleeding, and trouble swallowing. Side effects of radiation therapy could include mild skin problems, nausea, vomiting, and tiredness. Often these go away after a short while. Chest radiation may cause lung damage and difficulty breathing. Side effects of radiation therapy to the brain (to treat metastasis) usually become most serious one or two years after treatment, and include headaches and trouble with thinking. Be sure to talk with your doctor if you have any side effects. Studies of new treatments in patients are known as clinical trials. A clinical trial is only done when there is some reason to believe that the treatment being studied may be of value to the patient. The main questions the researche rs want to answer are: Does this treatment work? Does it work better than the one we’re now using? What side effects does it cause? Do the benefits outweigh the risks? Which patients are most likely to find this treatment helpful? During your course of treatment, your doctor may suggest that you look into a clinical trial. This does not mean that you are being asked to be a human guinea pig. Nor does it mean that your case is hopeless. However, there are some risks. No one knows in advance if the treatment will work or exactly what side effects will occur. That’s what the study is designed to find out. Keep in mind that standard treatments, too, can have side effects. Clinical trials are carried out in steps called phases. Each phase is designed to answer certain questions. Ask your doctor if there is a clinical trial that might be right for you. Then learn all you can about that trial. Because you volunteer to take part in a clinical trial, you can leave the trial at any time. As you cope with cancer and cancer treatment, you need to have honest, open discussions with your doctor. You should feel free to ask any question that’s on your mind, no matter how small it might seem. Here are some questions you might want to ask. Be sure and add your own. Would you please write down the exact type of lung cancer I have? Has my cancer spread? What is the stage of my cancer and what does that mean in my case? What treatment choices do I have? What do you suggest and why? What is the goal of this treatment? What risks or side effects are there to the treatment you suggest? If I will lose my hair, what can I do about it? Based on what you’ve learned about my cancer, how long do you think I’ll survive? What are the chances of the cancer coming back after treatment? What should I do to get ready for treatment? Remember that your body is unique, and so are your emotional needs and your personal circumstances. In some ways, your cancer is l ike no one else’s. No one can predict how your cancer will respond to treatment. Statistics can paint an overall picture, but you may have special strengths such as a healthy immune system, a strong family support system, or a deep spiritual faith. All of these have an impact on how you cope with cancer. Cancer treatment can make you feel tired. Give some time to recover. Don’t feel the need to rush back to work or resume all of your normal activities right away. The doctor will let you know what follow-up tests need to be done and when. Chest x-rays and blood tests may be done to see if the cancer has come back or if a new tumor has formed. Be sure to report any new or recurring symptoms to the doctor right away. Even after lung cancer has developed, it is very important to quit smoking. Quitting helps improve appetite and overall health and can reduce the chance of a new cancer. Ask theyour doctor or nurse for ideas about how to quit smoking. Do as much as you can to stay healthy and active. Eat a balanced diet of healthy foods, including plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Once you get your strength back, try to exercise a few hours each week. Check with the doctor before you start an exercise program. The doctor can suggest the types of exercise that are right for you. The doctor or nurse can suggest other resources that might help you during your recovery from treatment. There are many support groups that provide emotional support, friendship, and understanding.

Wednesday, December 4, 2019

The Breakdown Of Society Essays - Parenting, Divorce, Marriage

The Breakdown of Society : Over the years, people have brought forward hundreds of proposals for the breakdown of society. One of the more popular, or perhaps notorious, depending on your point of view, has placed the blame on the rising predominance of single parent households in society. I personally have trouble believing that one problem can be held responsible for all of societys ills. However, I can definitely see how some people could feel so strongly about this. Coming from a two-parent family, I cannot speak from experience about life in a single parent household; but I do have friends and acquaintances that were brought up in single parent households. When I spent time with these people and their families, it became quite clear to me that their way of life, though not necessarily better or worse than mine, was certainly not the same. They were clearly missing certain aspects of life that I was accustomed to. For instance, while growing up, I always had the experience of two adults on which I could draw in order to form my own opinions, whereas the children who had grown up with only one parent were not afforded this luxury. I always felt bad for them because I had something that they didnt have. Whenever I brought it up, they became very defensive of the parent they lived with, and accused me of being shortsighted. Financially, single parent households seem to be at a definite disadvantage compared to households with both parents. There are many statistics showing how difficult it is to support a family on one income. Even the United States department of Health and Human Services has declared, It is no longer feasible in America to enjoy a middle class standard of living without the presence of two incomes (Burk, 1). This problem seems to be worsened by the unfair system of transfer payments that has been implemented by our government. It becomes a case of two families living on two incomes, rather than the traditional system of one family living on the same two incomes. Recent efforts to criminalize non-payment of child support are ludicrous. It gives boys the message that when they grow up and foolishly become fathers themselves, their lives will be destroyed by bitter wives, just like their fathers before them had their lives ruined. Girls, on the other hand, get the impression that they can grow up and become breeder mommies whose lives will be subsidized by government sanctioned child support. The net effect is bitter children with a warped sense of values. In addition to marring the children, this also poses the question of how a father would be able to pay child support from prison (Burk, 2). Clearly, this is a very obtuse point of view. To blame all of this problem solely on either the mothers or the fathers would be cruelly unfair. Obviously both parents should be held both financially and emotionally responsible for the raising of a child, even if the child only lives with one of these parents. Some fair system must be designed so that a child can be financially supported, without draining the assets of the non-custodial parent. I personally feel that a child would be able to get just as much love and emotional nourishment from one parent as a child would get from both. Though there may be more of a financial burden, I think that children of single parent families can live as full, happy, and successful a life as their two-parent counterparts. Surely, there must be thousands of children from single parent households who have made very successful lives for themselves despite their upbringings. Or, maybe their single parent upbringing actually contr! ibuted to their success. Perhaps some children thrive on the difficulties that they faced as children and are all the better for having gone through it. Statistically, however, far more social pathologies can be found among children from single parent households than can be found among children from two parent households. There is a broad spectrum of these problems, obviously rooted in single parenting: 63% of all youth suicides are committed by children from single parent households; 70% of all teenage pregnancies

Wednesday, November 27, 2019



Sunday, November 24, 2019

Individual moral development Essays

Individual moral development Essays Individual moral development Essay Individual moral development Essay Main reasons are because the individual does not think he or she will get caught, or the benefit outweighs the risk. Business has opportunities to pad or Inflate expenses while making traction and takeovers. It can be hard dodo the right things when no one is watching, the account statement can be alter easily and no one will notice but It Is equally difficult when you under pressure and depend on your faith. The factors that would influence choices would include the following: faith, organization culture and economic standings. Obviously, if the organization struggling economically, and Inflating expenses could bring in enough extra money, saying no would be all the more difficult, however individual decision would depends on moral development where the action is actually take on. Culture is a common word that people generally use In relation to genealogy, country of origin, language and the way people speak, what they eat, and their customs. Many define culture as nationality or citizenship. Values, norms, artifacts, and rituals all play a role in culture. An important component of corporate, or organizational, culture is the companys ethical culture. However reporter culture involves values and norms that prescribe a wide range of behavior for organizational members, the ethical culture reflects whether the firm also has an ethical conscience. Ethical culture involves many factors, including corporate policies on ethics, top managements leadership on ethical Issues, the influence of co-workers, and the opportunity . Within the organization, sublimates can develop within work groups, decision can be easily affect by people working around you or how the senior taught you, If the organization doing their expense account the unethical way throughout he years in the past 10 years, it is very difficult for you to change to do it in an ethical way. The more ethical employees perceive an organizations culture to be, the less likely they are to make unethical decisions. Corporate culture and ethical culture are closely associated with the idea that significant others within the organization help determine ethical decisions within that organization. Those who have influence in a work group. Including peers. Managers. Coworkers, and subordinates, are referred to as significant others. Obedience to authority is an aspect of the Influence that significant others can exercise this helps to explain why many employees resolve business ethics issues by simply following the directives of a superior, because have authority which employee have significant trust In them therefore increase the Influential by those authorities. The more ethical employees perceive an organizations culture to be, the less likely they are to make unethical decisions. Numerous studies conducted over the years confirm that significant others within an organization may have more Impact on a Rorers decisions on a daily basis than any other factor. In organizations that emphasize respect for superiors, for example, employees may feel that they are wrong, he or she is likely to say, l was only carrying out orders or My boss told me to do it this way. In addition, the type of industry and the size of the organization have effects on whether employee carries out such decisions; the bigger the company, the more potential for unethical activities. Moral development involves different types: teleology, demonology, relativist, virtue ethics and Justices. Employee moral decision on whether to inflate the expense account will be base on different moral development. Teleological philosophies assess the moral worth of a behavior by looking at its consequences two important teleological philosophies that often guide decision making in individual business decisions are egoism and utilitarianism. Egoist believe they should maximize their own self interest and utilitarianism seek the greatest good for the greatest people, they believe they should maximize the greatest utility when making decisions, however, ethnologists argue that there are some things that e should not do, even to maximize utility which is completely opposite to utilitarianism. Relativists are those who use themselves and people around them as their basis for their ethical standard, these types of people will be easily influence by culture in an organization. A moral virtue represents an acquired disposition that is valued as a part of an individuals character. A person who has the character trait of honesty will be disposed to tell the truth because it is considered to be right and comfortable. This individual will always try to tell the truth because of its importance in human immunization. Justice means that the decision rules used by an individual to determine the Justice of a situation could be based on the perceived rights of individuals and on the intentions of the people involved in a given business interaction. Justice is more likely to be based on deontological moral philosophies than on teleological or utilitarian philosophies. Justice deals more with the issue of what individuals feel they are due based on their rights and performance in the workplace. In conclusion I think when I am in the situation of being encourage to inflate the expense account, the most affective would be individual moral development rather than cultural value of the organization. It is because in cultural value of organization, it is basis on other influences, however , when accounting an expense account, it is all your own work, although there will be some pressure from the head or superior on how your entry in term of the expense account, the final decision on ethical or unethical is base on self decision. Depending on the characteristic of the person, the choice will be different according to the individual moral development.

Thursday, November 21, 2019

Any topic you think is good for my paper Assignment - 1

Any topic you think is good for my paper - Assignment Example The perception of the society on comic book is based on abstract description given by the images depicted in articles and books. In brief, the definition is provided by the work of art (Faigley and Selzer). Ideally, Scott argues that the comic art should not be presented in the way it has been. The art should be simple and depict natural art. The creation of new approach to learning is vital, but the creation of conclusive understanding of terms of reference is essential in the education process. The definition argument by Scott highlights the difference in understanding of terms created by media and other related depiction (Faigley and Selzer). Additionally, the influence of traditional educational practices is evident in the creation of terms such as the traditional understanding words. The new definition of comic is based on comparison of other arts with the comic art depicted by work Scott is change of ideas on the comic articles, which have been perceived in a different way. In conclusion, the article by Scott redefines the term

Wednesday, November 20, 2019

Children's Rights and Participation Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 4000 words

Children's Rights and Participation - Essay Example The rights which are based on this include a question of how many rights children should have and whether this is applicable within society. While there are questions of children’s rights, others are also questioning the social structure of given areas which currently protects children who don’t have the rights. The dichotomy of children’s rights then becomes the main question between those who are looking at the place of children in society and the flexibility which should be included with the rights of children. This paper will explore the association between children’s rights within society as well as how this is related to the amount of children’s rights that should be distributed. The focus of protection and security, as well as the association with the development of children both has to be considered in regards to the needs of children in school, society and in the household. While equal participation can provide children with a stronger voic e for security, there is also the need to change this according to the specific levels of development among children. Sociology of Childhood The sociology of children is one which is known as a unique phenomena in society. Children are divided into a sub – group within society, specifically because of biological differences and age. ... From this perspective, the sociological components are based only on the understanding and definitions of society, as opposed to the capabilities and rights which children should have as citizens within society (Archard, 2004: 25). This creates the main difference between children and their rights, which shows a level of injustice over children and the abilities that they don’t have in terms of acting as responsible citizens within society because of social labels. The concept of childhood is one which has altered through sociological associations throughout time. Historical records note that the ideal of childhood has changed in different cultures and in various time frames. The idea of childhood is then implied throughout time and distinguishes rights based on the social needs of a given time frame. When a child is developed in a specific way, such as through education or work, then it becomes a reflection on what is needed within society as well as how this relates to the s pecific conditions of a given region. The idea of childhood then becomes related to a social construction which is based on age, gender, biological differences and the amount of knowledge which an individual has about the world. The social makeup of a child and the demographic differences then remain the only division in society, some which changes the roles which children play within society (Archard, 2004: 25). The differences associated with children and the social role which is taken is further implied with the expected participation in which children have within society. It is known that there are multidimensional participation processes that construct the role of a child in society and the expectations that are associated with this. The

Sunday, November 17, 2019

Sheikh Mohammed and the Making of Dubai Inc Essay

Sheikh Mohammed and the Making of Dubai Inc - Essay Example He founded the Emirates airlines that now covers over 100 destinations, and developed the thriving real estate market of Dubai. Such rapid development was primarily achieved by adopting capitalist market values, and despite the unfavorable conditions in the surrounding countries Sheikh Mohammed with his strong leadership qualities managed to turn Dubai into a story of success. However the success story of Dubai were not without its pitfalls, and there were claims of violation of human rights of thousands of laborers that had migrated from other countries in search of jobs, while there were claims by local inhabitants of the place losing its own cultural values. Besides these, the real estate business which had been one of the major driving forces behind Dubai’s astronomical economic growth was showing signs of falling apart during the global economic crises that started in 2007-2008. In order to counteract these negative aspects and maintain a stable socio-economic growth of D ubai, HH Sheikh Mohammed had to adopt tactics that integrated his skills as a business entrepreneur and a skillful business leader, with that of an effective political head of a country. Sheikh Mohammed’s leadership style and approach shows traits of a visionary leader with traits of transformational leadership qualities.... This quality is evident in Sheikh Mohammed where it is seen that while serving as Head of Police and Security, and Director of the Department of Oil, he successfully collaborated with Conoco and many other foreign companies, while concurrently dealing effectively with a large number foreign consultants, laborers, and field workers from countries across the world, residing in Dubai. An effective leader is generally motivated to seek one of the two types of power, personalized (where one looks for personal power and sense of authority) or socialized (seeks collaboration). From the aforementioned style of working, it is clear that Sheikh Mohammed looked for socialized power where he sought collaboration from firms, experts and workers worldwide. Sheikh Mohammed, through various interviews can effectively communicate and pass his messages regarding his visions and strategy, as regards growth and development of his country, and he uses it successfully to convince his own countrymen and ot her powerful leaders and businessmen all across the world. Effective leaders also must possess self-confidence, in order to create a sense of self-esteem in others working around him or her, while still preserving a high level of personal integrity. Along with this ability the leader must possess the ability to affect an organization horizontally, vertically, externally and internally. Here the leader must gain acceptance of others involved, if he or she wishes to see a particular idea come true. The capability to forge collaborative relationships and to form an atmosphere that is conducive in nature for team work, are typical characteristics of an effective leader. This characteristic is

Friday, November 15, 2019

Public Relations Campaign Planning

Public Relations Campaign Planning Research and Situational Analysis The term ‘brain drain’ refers to the outflow of entrepreneurial skills and talent hindering productivity and, possibly, prospects for economic growth (Tyson, 2011). The Malaysian brain drain dilemma is attributed to political, economic, social and cultural causes (Tyson, 2011). The current world average of brain drain stands at about 5 per cent, whereas Malaysia’s was at 10 per cent in the year 2000. (Foo, 2011). Out of a population of 27 million, there are an estimated 1.5 million Malaysians living abroad. The last decade brought much scrutiny and substantial media analysis on the topic of brain drain in Malaysia. Emphasis was put on numbers of skilled Malaysian-born people emigrating and its lasting effects on the Malaysian economy (Foo, 2011). In a study conducted by Foo, by examining destination country characteristics, it has been found that some of the key determinants of the brain drain dilemma include religious diversity, high Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita, proximity to home country, and English language usage. The main causes of brain drain, however, are deeply rooted and entrenched in the Malaysian society. In recent years a large of Malaysian emigrants proved to young non-Bumiputeras, In a survey conducted by the World Bank, the chief reason Malaysians aboard cite as their reason for leaving the country is social injustice. The respondents cited unequal opportunities in attaining scholarships and places in higher learning institutions (Azlan, Jeram, Sivapragasam, Tyson, 2011). Another large number cited the lack of career prospects and unattractive salaries in Malaysia as a deterrent in the decision of coming back to Malaysia. All these matters, of course attribute to the various government policies that encourage race-based incentives rather than merit-based ones. The policies in question are the economic models that uphold the ‘special’ Bumiputera rights and the revisionist Ketuanan Melayu policies (Azlan, Jeram, Sivapragasam, Tyson, 2011). The barriers are the main causes identified in instigating the talent exodus or brain drain in Malaysia. The government needs to acknowledge that the brain drain is at the cost most of national development, future competitiveness and productivity (Azlan, Jeram, Sivapragasam, Tyson). To help counter the brain drain dilemma, under the Prime Minister’s Department and the 10TH Malaysian Plan, Talent Corporation Malaysia Berhad (TalentCorp), was established in the year 2011 in hopes of activating and facilitating initiatives that will help to put an end to the outflow of the country’s talent. The corporation will be working closely and establishing affiliations with many Malaysian Government agencies and leading companies. TalentCorp boasts a plethora of affirmative programmes to engage and attract Malaysian talents that have settled overseas while also focusing on nurturing and developing those already within Malaysia. Network-building between these talents are also prioritized. Although still new, TalentCorp claims to have a clear vision in running their organisation, which is to build effective partnerships, and make a difference in addressing Malaysia’s talent needs to enable the country to reach its aspiration of a high-income nation (About Us: TalentCorp, 2011). TalentCorp also possesses a one-stop centre to deal with related matters pertaining to immigration and government documentation. To analyse TalentCorp deeper, SWOT analysis can be utilized to identify the corporation’s strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats. One main strength that TalentCorp has is it is run by a group of relatively young professionals, all around 25 to 40 years of age, all led by Johan Mahmood Merican. This means that the management itself could relate and acknowledge the stakeholders because of the similar age and similar experiences they may have gone through, and vice-versa. The new brains will bring a much needed vigour and vitality to the scene, especially when the old existing policies were set up by policy makers and politicians who are of an older generation. The corporation’s new and affirmative action team hopes to create a distinctive competence in managing the talent in Malaysia, unlike their predecessors. The main weakness of TalentCorp would be the age of the organisation itself. Since it is a newly set up organization, it may not have prominence and influence in the society yet. As a corporation, it has limited visibility and only gained nationwide exposure for a limited amount of time during the conception of the corporation. Ever since that, there has been virtually no mention of the corporations in major media platforms, even though articles and commentaries criticizing the nature of the corporation pops up from time to time in mainly opposition online media. This results in many young Malaysians in and outside of the country to fail to acknowledge TalentCorp and become aware of what it functions as. One opportunity that TalentCorp has is that it is in collaboration with many other Government agencies. Currently, it is working together with the Ministry of Higher Education (MoHE), Inland Revenue Board (LHDN), Ministry of Finance (MoF), the Public Service Department (JPA) among others. With all these partnerships at its disposal, TalentCorp can benefit greatly from the resources, manpower, and intellectual property to come up with even better policies in the benefit of its stakeholders. The main threat that the corporation faces is the target audience themselves. The professionals who are living aboard already made that difficult decision to migrate in hopes of greener pastures elsewhere. It is important to know that most of the emigrants are of non-Bumiputera stock, mainly comprising of Malaysian Chinese. Looking back at the main causes of brain drain, while abroad, these people have become accustomed to being rewarded based on their personal performance and merit, unlike the Bumiputera-rights based policies they have been subjected to in Malaysia. While TalentCorp, with its various incentives and affirmative action plans might be able to convince them that there are opportunities abound in the homeland, the professionals will be doubtful of the existence of a meritocracy-based, level-playing field, back home. This raging doubt coupled with the many unpleasant happenings in the country they have come to know from a globally wired world may be the biggest deterrent of them returning home. TalentCorp needs to realize all these and investigate further into the issue. Action Planning Objectives In relation to public relations management campaign strategies, the main objectives of TalentCorp are to be evaluated. The objectives of this corporation are: To optimise Malaysian talent; To attract and facilitate global talent; and To build networks of top talent To analyse the objectives, the SMART objective approach should be used. The objectives should be specific, measurable, attainable, realistic, and time-bound. In the case of TalentCorp’s objectives, they merely state the obvious, without specifically stating the details of what has to be done. There is little information on how the objective is supposed to be measured and attained, with the absence of actual quantifiable figures. The lack of a specific time-frame suggests that there is no specific time-period for corporation’s activities to be carried out. The objectives instead should be presented as: to optimize Malaysian talent by 50% among Malaysians by the end of 2014, Key Messages The key messages that should be prominent during the entire course of the campaign are: Suicide can be prevented through early detection and professional intervention. Suicide is not the solution, seek professional help. Suicide is a growing problem in Malaysia. Target Public TalentCorp’s the primary target audience or the group and the current focus of their campaign are Malaysian citizens currently staying and working overseas. Although this target public is the essence of establishing the whole programme, emphasis should also be given to Malaysian students currently pursuing tertiary education, who are contemplating on staying in their host country when studying overseas in the future, as they are the future of the country. The secondary target public are the journalists and a variety of media houses to promote the agenda of TalentCorp to future primary target audience and the Malaysian public. Strategies Based on the objective of optimizing Malaysian talent, these three strategies have been put forward: Raise career awareness by of ETP career opportunities for tertiary students through physical and virtual channels and involving selected company partners and key sectors Build platforms to optimise talent-Manage assignment of scholars- Establish early involvement of industry in university life- Encourage collaboration of companies, industry bodies and learning institutions to develop structured internships Enhance school-to-work transition- Upskill to address critical skills gaps in key sectors- Advocate policy change Build HR community and advocate best practices Based on the objective of attracting and facilitating global talent, these strategies have been put forward: Outreach to Malaysians abroad- Assist key industries and companies to meet talent requirements through facilitation and outreach programmes Facilitate returning talent- Facilitate ease of entry for global talent Address policy impediments on entry of global talent Enhance expatriate facilitation- Facilitate ease of entry for global talent Pilot catalytic initiatives for policy refinement Based on the objective of building networks of top talent, these are the strategies that have been put forward: Build networks of future leaders -Develop networks for leadership pipelining Private-Public Sector and Intra-Private Sector Talent Cross Assignments Develop diaspora networking platforms- Develop networks of professional diaspora and eminent Malaysians to assess opportunities in Malaysia or contribute from abroad Engage expatriate community- Engage expatriate community to develop networks Communication Tactics The tactics can basically be separated into two categories; public campaign tactics and media campaign tactics. This is because the different target publics need different strategies to be communicated to. But there should always be a realisation that both types of tactics are very-much dependent on each other and are interlinked. For Malaysian talents already living overseas, professional outreach programmes like sector-focused networking programmes for the Malaysian diaspora are organised in major cities around the world. In these programmes, the participants can be connected to potential employers and explore available opportunities back home. Student outreach programmes can help TalentCorp engage with top Malaysian students aboard. Possible collaborators to look into are the Education Ministry, Jabatan Perkhidmtan Awam or JPA and various student associations. To facilitate returning talent, a programme called the Returning Expert Programme (REP) was introduced, with tax cut incentives, Permanent Resident (PR) status for foreign spouses, and potential positions in Malaysia’s leading companies. There is also a REP Club, which functions to provide a sense of inclusiveness within the community and network building. One public campaign tactic that will directly resonate with the suggested primary target public, Malaysian tertiary students who are contemplating to contribute to the brain drain is to have career fairs and road shows by collaboration with universities and local leading companies. The face-to-face interaction between the students and employer creates channels of raising awareness in job environments and requirements. Besides that, a regularly updated organisational website will be set up for easy information access that will also serve as an online portal for career awareness and career guidance in attaining jobs in local companies. Building a presence in social media platforms, such as creating a Facebook page or creating a Twitter account will resonate with the young, tech-savvy individuals of the target public. Another public campaign tactic is to have upskilling programmes and internship opportunities with leading companies for tertiary education students that will function as a fast track to their career in Malaysia. Competitions could be held to increase the visibility of TalentCorp in the minds of the students. Working together with JPA, TalentCorp established the Scholarship Talent Attraction Retention (STAR) programme, whereby a scholarship bond requires the scholars to work with leading companies in Malaysia. Publishing and printing collaterals such as posters and pamphlets that are distributed to institutions of higher learning will drive the message of these youth-targeted programmes and of the organisation itself to town. For the media tactics to be carried out, we have to realize that the media plays a crucial role in disseminating any information gained from the client, whereby in this case, is a corporation which is under the purview of the government, to the target audience. Ultimately, in essence, no campaign is successful without a media relations campaign. Hence, as PR practitioners it should be wise to plan out the tactics through a wide range of media. By building the campaign around a newsworthy event like the talent and student outreach programmes, the likelihood of the media houses, especially print media, carrying the stories and key messages will be very high. The measures taken to ‘place’ news stories will be very important. The media tactics that will be used in the campaign are: Press Releases The press release announcing the proposition of the event and the campaign in general, would be sent to the database of journalists, newsdesks of major media and even online news organisations. The media targeted in this tactic are print media and online media. Media Briefing Before an actual press conference is called upon the issue, there could be a small-scale media briefing to let individual or a small, select group of journalists know about the event and the intended key messages to be delivered. A smaller, more intimate session will allow issues to be clarified better and helps develop relationships with journalists as well. The media targeted in this tactic are print media and online media. Press Conference A national-level outreach programme or event ultimately calls for a press conference to be conducted. Through the press conference, larger groups of journalists and media houses could be targeted. The press conference provides the organisers a controlled environment to unveil statements and deliver their intended key messages accurately. Nevertheless, a press conference can also be an uncontrolled environment as the organisers are subjected to media enquiries and questions. A separate evaluative press conference could be held after the event as well. A media kit containing press statements, profile of the organisation, pamphlets and souvenirs will be provided to all the journalists present. The media targeted in this tactic are print media, broadcast media, and online media Television and Radio Utilising broadcast media such as television and radio, can be used to address and portray issues clearly. Interviews and talks featuring credible opinion leaders, government officials, and the organisers and management team of TalentCorp themselves will help set the campaigns agenda clearly. Radio could also add an interactive element to the programs aired by encouraging the participation of interactive callers, otherwise known as ‘Talkback-Radio’. Also, the broadcast media have a great audience penetration. Evaluation Since this is public relations campaign, the evaluative measures should focus and assess the impact of the public relations efforts. But before the summative evaluation, implementation checking and formative monitoring should be conducted to correct any discrepancies and assess the progress of the campaign (Lattimore, Baskin, Heiman, Toth, 2013). To measure the worth of public relations efforts, an impact analysis could be conducted. The audience coverage addresses whether the intended audiences were reached. One could track the media coverage of all the events and activities that have been promoted. For print publication, special electronic databases can be used to track specific key words and terms related to the event. Google News offers a similar service too. The cumulative index of readers of the posts about the campaign and the TalentCorp programmes could also be assessed. In terms of broadcast media, its audience interactivity allows one’s to gauge the number of inquiries, opinions and requests for advice. We could also take the program tune-in rate to account. At the end of each outreach programme and personal engagements with the publics, a survey could be handed out to a select few of the attendees to measure and evaluate the audience response. This could also be done electronically by including a feedback section in the corporation’s website. Besides that, we could also assess the number of hits on the organisation’s website, especially when journalists or other interested parties follow up mentions of the event in other media. For newspapers, we can monitor the number of press-releases that have been issued and comparing it with the newspaper take-up rates. Campaign exposure can also be measured by press cuttings. With or without consensus, the position  of the Malaysian government is quite clear: the brain drain is detrimental to national  development, productivity and future competitiveness. Therefore the government continues  to experiment with policy initiatives in order to reduce, or even reverse, the brain drain,  pinning a significant amount of hope on the newly created Talent Corporation led by Johan  Mahmood Merican. Most of the initiatives to date have been about economic reform and  have been driven by technocrats, leaving a void that needs to be filled with pragmatic and  robust political analysis. For instance, in a somewhat controversial editorial, Mokhtar (2010)  opined that the talent exodus can be explained by disillusionment linked to rising crime, a  tainted judiciary, human rights abuses, and an outmoded education system. While the  general assumption is that Chinese and Indian Malaysians have a greater tendency to leave  because of their pendatang (so journer, alien) status – being guests in a bumiputera (Malay)  land – increasing numbers of Malays have emigrated as well, disillusioned by corrupt  practices as well as the rigid confines of state Islam (Mokhtar 2010).

Tuesday, November 12, 2019

A Student Commentary on Big Medias Attack on Fan Websites :: Sell Websites Buy Websites

A Student Commentary on Big Media's Attack on Fan Websites The fight between legal departments at major movie and TV studios and producers of fan websites has reached a fever pitch. The legal department of Fox TV sent out notices to cease and desist to two webmasters of fan "King Of The Hill" websites. Fox Primetime has cracked down on fan sites before, most notably those saluting "The X-Files." It boggles the mind why fan sites pose such a threat to the studios. It would seem that for a fan to take the time and spend the money to build a website without any hope of financial reward would be the supreme compliment to a given show. I know of no fan site which makes money. Usually, unless the webmaster has a free account through their College or University, their Internet access and web space costs money. And if not always a money sink, sites like these are always a time sink. These fans are taking time out of their busy educational and/or work schedules to give these shows free publicity. Still photographs from movies and TV shows used for reviews and/or given away, with or without autographs, to fans has been a traditional means of promoting a studio's wares. When fans offer stills for other fans to collect on the Internet, they are conducting a type of trade which has for decades existed via the mail and in face to face memorabilia swaps. There is more controversy about audio and video clips, but the fact remains that 10% of a copyrighted work of art can be duplicated for "fair use" purposes according to the Berne Convention, the current standard of law on copyrights for most of the world. Current audio techniques for the Internet like .AU, .AIFF, and .WAV get very, very large unless the audio snippet is only a matter of seconds long. And Real Audio .RAM files and Shockwave Streaming Audio files both play as they pass by and are not stored on a person's computer. We are not talking about piracy here. We are talking about a sample that's only a few seconds long, which the people who painstakingly make the sample slave over without any hope of recompense, and which takes up frightfully large chunks of server space. This goes double for the most controversial element of fan sites -- video clips. AVI Video For Windows and QuickTime video files are extremely largely sized.

Sunday, November 10, 2019

Character Analysis of the Glass Menagerie

Tom’s double role in The Glass Menagerie—as a character whose recollections the play documents and as a character who acts within those recollections—underlines the play’s tension between objectively presented dramatic truth and memory’s distortion of truth. Unlike the other characters, Tom sometimes addresses the audience directly, seeking to provide a more detached explanation and assessment of what has been happening onstage. But at the same time, he demonstrates real and sometimes juvenile emotions as he takes part in the play’s action. This duality can frustrate our understanding of Tom, as it is hard to decide whether he is a character whose assessments should be trusted or one who allows his emotions to affect his judgment. It also shows how the nature of recollection is itself problematic: memory often involves confronting a past in which one was less virtuous than one is now. Because The Glass Menagerie is partly autobiographical, and because Tom is a stand-in for the playwright himself (Williams’s given name was Thomas, and he, like Tom, spent part of his youth in St. Louis with an unstable mother and sister, his father absent much of the time), we can apply this comment on the nature of memory to Williams’s memories of his own youth. Even taken as a single character, Tom is full of contradiction. On the one hand, he reads literature, writes poetry, and dreams of escape, adventure, and higher things. On the other hand, he seems inextricably bound to the squalid, petty world of the Wingfield household. We know that he reads D. H. Lawrence and follows political developments in Europe, but the content of his intellectual life is otherwise hard to discern. We have no idea of Tom’s opinion on Lawrence, nor do we have any indication of what Tom’s poetry is about. All we learn is what he thinks about his mother, his sister, and his warehouse job—precisely the things from which he claims he wants to escape. Tom’s attitude toward Amanda and Laura has puzzled critics. Even though he clearly cares for them, he is frequently indifferent and even cruel toward them. His speech at the close of the play demonstrates his strong feelings for Laura. But he cruelly deserts her and Amanda, and not once in the course of the play does he behave kindly or lovingly toward Laura—not even when he nocks down her glass menagerie. Critics have suggested that Tom’s confusing behavior indicates an incestuous attraction toward his sister and his shame over that attraction. This theory casts an interesting light on certain moments of the play—for example, when Amanda and Tom discuss Laura at the end of Scene Five. Tom’s insistence that Laura is hopelessly peculiar and cannot survive in the outside world, while Amanda (and later Jim) claims that Laura’s oddness is a positive thing, could have as much to do with his jealous desire to keep his sister to himself as with Laura’s own quirks. Amanda Wingfield If there is a signature character type that marks Tennessee Williams’s dramatic work, it is undeniably that of the faded Southern belle. Amanda is a clear representative of this type. In general, a Tennessee Williams faded belle is from a prominent Southern family, has received a traditional upbringing, and has suffered a reversal of economic and social fortune at some point in her life. Like Amanda, these women all have a hard time coming to terms with their new status in society—and indeed, with modern society in general, which disregards the social distinctions that they were taught to value. Their relationships with men and their families are turbulent, and they staunchly defend the values of their past. As with Amanda, their maintenance of genteel manners in very ungenteel surroundings can appear tragic, comic, or downright grotesque. Amanda is the play’s most extroverted and theatrical character, and one of modern American drama’s most coveted female roles (the acclaimed stage actress Laurette Taylor came out of semi-retirement to play the role in the original production, and a number of legendary actresses, including Jessica Tandy, have since taken on the role). Amanda’s constant nagging of Tom and her refusal to see Laura for who she really is are certainly reprehensible, but Amanda also reveals a willingness to sacrifice for her loved ones that is in many ways unparalleled in the play. She subjects herself to the humiliating drudgery of subscription sales in order to enhance Laura’s marriage prospects, without ever uttering so much as a word of complaint. The safest conclusion to draw is that Amanda is not evil but is deeply flawed. In fact, her flaws are centrally responsible for the tragedy, comedy, and theatrical flair of her character. Like her children, Amanda withdraws from reality into fantasy. Unlike them, she is convinced that she is not doing so and, consequently, is constantly making efforts to engage with people and the world outside her family. Amanda’s monologues to her children, on the phone, and to Jim all reflect quite clearly her moral and psychological failings, but they are also some of the most colorful and unforgettable words in the play. Laura Wingfield The physically and emotionally crippled Laura is the only character in the play who never does anything to hurt anyone else. Despite the weight of her own problems, she displays a pure compassion—as with the tears she sheds over Tom’s unhappiness, described by Amanda in Scene Four—that stands in stark contrast to the selfishness and grudging sacrifices that characterize the Wingfield household. Laura also has the fewest lines in the play, which contributes to her aura of selflessness. Yet she is the axis around which the plot turns, and the most prominent symbols—blue roses, the glass unicorn, the entire glass menagerie—all in some sense represent her. Laura is as rare and peculiar as a blue rose or a unicorn, and she is as delicate as a glass figurine. Other characters seem to assume that, like a piece of transparent glass, which is colorless until light shines upon it, Laura can take on whatever color they wish. Thus, Amanda both uses the contrast between herself and Laura to emphasize the glamour of her own youth and to fuel her hope of re-creating that youth through Laura. Tom and Jim both see Laura as an exotic creature, completely and rather quaintly foreign to the rest of the world. Yet Laura’s crush on the high school hero, Jim, is a rather ordinary schoolgirl sentiment, and a girl as supposedly fragile as Laura could hardly handle the days she spends walking the streets in the cold to avoid going to typing class. Through actions like these, Laura repeatedly displays a will of her own that defies others’ perceptions of her, and this will repeatedly goes unacknowledged.

Friday, November 8, 2019

The Impact of Social Media in Our Daily Lives

The Impact of Social Media in Our Daily Lives What Is Social Media? Social media is an electronic tool that serves to connect people remotely at their convenience. Some of the versions of this tool are LinkedIn, Facebook, Twitter, Pinterest, among others. MEDIA INFLUENCE FEMALE PERCEPTION OF THE BODY IMAGE. AGREE OR DISAGREE? There are several reasons why social media is important in our everyday life as outlined herein: Reason 1.  It helps people connect with their friends and make some new ones as well. Reason 2.  It helps people share what they are doing or details on where they are with the rest of the world. Reason 3.  It is also an avenue where you can order social media essay online or buy social media essay as well. What Social Media Are the Most Popular? Pinterest The importance of images on the web cannot be overemphasized and that is why Pinterest continues to gain praise as the only platform that has attracted the highest number of unique visits on a monthly basis. It makes use of the pinboard-style which is quite enticing and can be used to collect best images. Pinterest is also infiltrating the shopping market even as retailers take to using it. WhatsApp This tool has become one of the most popular platforms for instant messaging and can either work with data or internet connection to send or receive messages. Other than that, you can send voice messages, photos, and videos too. WhatsApp comes with customized features as well such as notification sounds, profiles, and wallpapers. Better still, you can allow it to connect to the address book on your phone for all your contacts to be transferred to it. Facebook This is the most popular social network on the internet with a record number of active users and those who take the time to log in on a daily basis. Just after WhatsApp, Facebook Messenger is the second most popular app in the world, used for messaging. You should also expect the dominance of Facebook to continue in future after its acquisition of Whatsapp. Twitter If you need access to instant news, then, twitter should be your number one choice. Twitter is a microblogging network that allows you to share different kinds of multimedia content through tweets. Many individuals continue to use it throughout the world as they enjoy the aspect of unfiltered feed. It is simply the best platform to discover what is happening in the rest of the world instantly. How Social Media Influence Us Social media has both positive and negative influence on individuals. The Good Immediate access to information Twitter delivers instant details on what is happening around you and the rest of the world from various sources hence, it is impossible to miss a thing. A level playing field for business Previously, for your business to be known you had to invest heavily in advertisements. Contrary to that, nowadays businesses can speak to the world through social media, which is a better option. The Bad Talk without action Though social media is an invaluable communication tool, today we see hashtag conversations that cause people to vent on these platforms but no action is taken in the end. Hiding behind anonymity It goes without saying that many are using social media to hide their identities for mischievous reasons. Hence, habitual pranksters and trolls have found a haven on this platform. VIOLENCE IN THE MEDIA CAUSES VIOLENCE IN CHILDREN Where Will Social Media Be in 10 Years? It is true that in the coming days you should expect a revolution in the world of social media. Some of the things to expect are that businesses will be keen to align their strategies in accordance with social media trends. The other thing that businesses will do is train their call center, staff. That will be in line with responding to Twitter, WhatsApp, and Messenger questions directly sent from clients. This will ensure prompt responses and better customer service for enhanced productivity. Social media is already part of our lives and we need to embrace it. However, it is important to set boundaries on the extent to which we should allow it to control our lives. If you need a social media essay, feel free to place an order. We can help you with writing any type of academic paper. Focus on something more important than a  college degree.

Wednesday, November 6, 2019

Urbanization And China Example

Urbanization And China Example Urbanization And China – Coursework Example URBAN PLANNING URBAN PLANNING There was restriction on the rural-urban migration which were set by the government. Secondly, it was the rustication period where the employment opportunities or prospects of a better life in the urban centers was bleak and less. Thirdly, there was the agricultural responsibility system which benefited the people in the rural areas and thus they had little or less incentives to move to urban areas and increase the population of urban areas. The Chinese government increased the foreign direct investment incentives and encouraged more investments into China which encouraged more jobs in the urban centers. In principle, the government changed some of the restrictive and punitive legislations and policies that hindered the flow of foreign investments and chances or opportunities. The urbanization movement has been balanced regionally, because the counties or states which have higher economic endowments have higher population and number of people. Thus, coun ties such as Shanghai has higher population due to prospects of opportunities of employments. China faces a surge and challenge of a very high population which cannot be fed or taken care of by the existing natural resources and endowments. It is challenging to struggle with limited resources yet the number of people able and willing to work at the existing wage rate is high. As a remedy, it would be critical to control the high population by adopting family planning tendencies and approaches. Secondly, china may give the interest groups such as youths and women grants and other incentives to start their own businesses and employment since the government cannot accommodate the high population. ReferenceLevy, J.M. (2013). Contemporary urban planning (10th ed.). Upper Saddler River, NJ: Pearson-Prentice Hall Press.

Sunday, November 3, 2019

Health and Sustainability of Food Systems in Toronto City Essay

Health and Sustainability of Food Systems in Toronto City - Essay Example Farm inputs used in food production should not contaminate food products with such potentially harmful contents. In this regard, the World Commission on Environment and Development defined sustainable food production processes as those that meet the present consumers’ needs without compromising the ability to meet the nutritional needs of future generations. In this context, food production processes that use harmful pesticides and fertilizers to alter the soil’s natural composition are neither sustainable nor healthy for food systems. However, production processes that utilize environmentally friendly farm inputs not only foster environmental protection but also improve the nutritional soundness of food products in the market. As identified in class, common vulnerabilities in farm inputs sector including but not limited to: use of chemicals, high energy costs and swift evolution of farm machinery. Food production is a business, and farmers expect to earn profits from t heir farm produces. In food production, profit margins are determined by three distinct factors: the cost of production, amount of yield, and market prices of harvested produces. Occasionally, amount of farm yields increase with increased use of inputs like pesticides, while heavy use of pesticides translates to the increased cost of production. In food production, cost of chemicals like pesticides is of a particular concern to farmers. Farm chemicals are expensive; it requires approximately $50-100 million to develop a new inorganic pesticide.

Friday, November 1, 2019

Subjective and Objective Perspectives of Photography Essay

Subjective and Objective Perspectives of Photography - Essay Example This quotation mentions a highly debated argument of the twenty-first century- the challenge associated with the reliability of camera-generated imagery and its contrast with paintings. Photographs have the tendency to mold our thinking in a way we never dreamt of. Following is a critical analysis of this comment about subjective and objective perspectives of photography. In recent years awareness about the nature of camera imagery made people change their stereotypical views regarding the issue. In order to support my essay, I have quoted references from related literature to further elaborate this viewpoint. â€Å"Photographic images have historically enjoyed, in our societies, a unique role, based for the most part on their supposed credibility. They have been acknowledged to offer a truthful visual representation of the world and our societies accept it as truth sentences such as "Photographs don't lie," "A picture is worth a thousand words," and "Seeing is believing" (Garvard, 1999). Camera generated images experience a subjective overtone together with automatic and mechanized actions involved in photography. Over the years images have played a unique role in different societies because of the evidence that they are real representations of the events being captured. The main criticism is against the idea of believing what you see in a photograph as the images are not logically true. Rather, they are treated according to the aspiration of the photographer in order to assimilate certain meanings to them. With the passage of time and with technological advancement photographers manipulate the photo with subjective elements like personalization and framing. There is also a personal touch to photographs, as photographers project their own opinions into the image from choosing what to shoot to managing the picture’s background.

Wednesday, October 30, 2019

Marketing Plan -marketing stratgy-target customer Essay

Marketing Plan -marketing stratgy-target customer - Essay Example The first step is conducting a market research for the smart home control system (Brethauer, 9). It is important to know who is using the product, who will be interested in the product, as well as the actual people who will purchase the product, and to whom the control systems will benefit. Likewise, an adjustment should be done based on the market results. Moreover, an investigation should be conducted on the competitors of the smart home control systems. It is necessary to evaluate how the new product differs as compared to the competitors’ products. Furthermore, test the new product with focus groups to determine their feedback to the promotions. The use of other marketing platforms to advertise the control system is vital. For example, the use of online promotions on social media like Facebook and twitter, using television spots, the use of out of home advertising is also necessary. The use of website is the most efficient way of advertising because the word today depends on technology. Most people use the internet, a visitor may land into the smart home website, and they will be able to learn more about the new product. It is also necessary to create a public relation program where the press is allowed to review the product, then writing articles to send to the public media, providing interviews to the smart homeowners and allowing them to provide detailed information about the new product. It is also important to hold a launch event. During the launch event, many opportunities are available to present the product to target market. This will bring about brand awareness and people may be interested to purchase the product. Additionally, to evaluate the readiness of the launch to ensure that the timing is coordinated and the product is readily available after its announcement. Also, the smart home control owners should create a marketing plan tracker that will aid in doing regular follow-ups to ensure that all involved persons is informed on the

Saturday, October 26, 2019

Moby Dick, Or The Whale :: essays research papers

I. Author InformationHerman Melville, was born in 1819, in a very "good" neighborhood in New York. A. Many influences on Melville's works were European literature, experiences in his travels, and tragedy in his life. B. Melville was born into the time when inspiring works of American literature began to emerge. Yet, European heritage in literature still had a strong hold on American writers of the time. C. Other contributions by Herman Melville were his narrative poems, and writings of other sea journeys.II. SettingMoby Dick is set in a time when whaling was a very well known trade, it was made popular because of the dyer need for oil for lamps. A. The time of the journey was started on a cold December day, where he enters with a carpet bag on his shoulder at the shipping port of New Bedford, and finds a room at the Spouter Inn with a massive South Sea Islander named Queequeg. " What a pity they didn't stop up the chinks and the crannies though, and thrust in a little lint here and there. But it's too late to make any improvement's now. The universe is finished the copestone is on, and the chips were carted off a million years ago." B. The setting, over all, suggests a rustic, hard seamens life on the open ocean, it being very hard on a man, but very fulfilling.III. CharacterCharacters in this classic novel are very unique, in physical, emotional, and mental aspects. A. Ahab is a one-legged man, feared by most of the crew, he is the Captain of the Pequod, and he has sworn death on Moby Dick, the great white whale, whom left Ahab with only one leg. Emotionally and mentally Ahab is a scared man, from his last encounter with Moby Dick, he seemed like a man very determined in his ways, willing full, and moody. B. The characters of this work have many impacts on the feelings in the book, Ahab is the strong force, while Ishmal, the narrator, is the understanding compassionate man of the Pequod. IV. PlotThe plot of Melville's work is very distinguished in all perspectives of the novel. A. The exposition is set at the beginning when Ishmal sets forth on the journey on the whaling ship, the Pequod, with Captain Ahab. In Ishmal's talking of the whale, and Ahab's craving to put death to the great fish, the narrative hook is created.