Wednesday, November 27, 2019
OCTOBER 15, 1858 GAVE BIRTH TO A FUTURE "GREAT" OF BOXING, A MAN NAMED JOHN L. SULLIVAN. JOHN L. SULLIVAN WAS BORN IN ROXBURY, MASSACHUSETTS. HE DEBUTED IN 1878 AGAINST "COCKEY" WOODS. HIS DAY OF GLORY CAME ON FEBRUARY 2ND, 1882 IN MISSISSIPPI CITY, MISSISSIPPI WHEN HE GOT A TITLE SHOT AGAINST THE CURRENT BARE-KNUCKLE CHAMPION, PADDY RYAN. THEY FOUGHT UNDER THE LONDON PRIZE RING RULES. IN THE 9TH ROUND, "GREAT JOHN L." KO'ED PADDY RYAN TO WIN THE WORLD BARE-KNUCKLE CHAMPIONSHIP. HE REMAINED THE TITLE-HOLDER FOR THE REST OF HIS CAREER UNDER THE LONDON PRIZE RING RULES. SOME SAY HE WAS THE WORLD HEAVYWEIGHT CHAMPION, BUT OTHERS SAY HE WAS ONLY THE AMERICAN HEAVYWEIGHT CHAMPION, SINCE HE HAD ONLY FOUGHT IN ONE INTERNATIONAL MATCH. THAT MATCH WAS ON MARCH 10, 1888 AGAINST CHARLEY MITCHELL. THE BOUT WAS HELD IN CHANTILLY, OISE, FRANCE. HE DIDN'T WIN THAT MATCH, BUT IT ENDED AS A DRAW AFTER THE 35TH ROUND. AND HE DECLINED TO FIGHT A BLACK AUSTRALIAN NAMED PETER JACKSON. HE NEVER WANTED TO FIGHT JACKSON, BECAUSE HE WAS "A MEMBER OF THE COLORED RACE". "THE BOSTON STRONGBOY" 'S LAST BARE-KNUCKLE CHAMPIONSHIP FIGHT UNDER THE LONDON PRIZE RING RULES, TOOK PLACE IN RICHBURG, MISSISSIPPI. HIS OPPONENT WAS JAKE KILRAIN. HE PROVED HE HAD GREAT STAMINA BY ENDURING 75 ROUNDS WITH KILRAIN, IN WHICH HE WON. WITH BILLY MADDEN AS HIS MANAGER, JOHN L. SULLIVAN WENT ON MANY "EXHIBITION TOURS". HE FOUGHT UN-COUNTABLE NUMBERS OF MEN AT THESE EXHIBITION TOURS. HE WAS SO CONFIDENT THAT HE WOULD WIN, THAT HE OFFERED A $100 PRIZE TO ANY MAN THAT COULD LAST FOUR ROUNDS WITH HIM. HE LATER GOT EVEN MORE CONFIDENT & RAISED THE REWARD TO $500, BUT NO ONE COULD EVER OVERCOME THE ODDS. HE BECAME VERY POPULAR DOING THESE EXHIBITION TOURS & MADE BOXING VERY POPULAR AS WELL AROUND THE UNITED STATES. ON SEPTEMBER 7TH,1892, JOHN L. SULLIVAN DEFENDED HIS CHAMPIONSHIP AGAINST JAMES J. CORBETT IN NEW ORLEANS, LOUISIANA. BUT THIS TIME, HE DIDN'T HAVE AS MUCH LUCK WITH HIM. SULLIVAN WAS KNOCKED OUT IN THE 21ST ROUND THE QUEENSBERRY RULES. THE QUEENSBERRY RULES WERE BASED ON USING BOXING SKILLS & STRENGTH RATHER THAN BEFORE, WHICH WAS BASED MORE ON WRESTLING & AGILITY, WHICH MADE IT MORE OF A BRAWLING-STYLE FIGHT. THE QUEENSBERRY RULES STATE: ? ALL BOXERS MUST WEAR GLOVES AT ALL TIMES IN THE BOUT ? NO WRESTLING ? NO HUGGING ? NO FIGHTING TO THE FINISH(FIGHTING TO DEATH) ? A DOWN MAN MAY NOT BE STRUCK UNTILL BACK ON HIS FEET & READY TO REMAIN FIGHTING ? A FALLEN MAN SHALL BE GIVEN 10 SECONDS TO GET BACK ON BOTH FEET ? THERE ARE 3 MINUTES TO EVERY ROUND ? THERE IS A 1-MINUTE REST BETWEEN EACH ROUND ? A FIGHTER WHO REMAINS DOWN OR ON ONE KNEE AFTER 10 SECONDS IS DECLARED THE LOSER ? & ALL MATCHES SHALL BE FOUGHT IN A ROPED-IN SQUARE(THE RING) WHICH MEASURES 24FT. PER SIDE THE LONDON PRIZE RING RULES & THE BROUGHTON RULES(USED BEFORE THE LONDON PRIZE RING RULES) WERE A BIT DIFFERENT. UNDER THE BROUGHTON RULES, IF A MAN WENT DOWN, HE WAS ALLOWED 30 SECONDS TO GET BACK ON HIS FEET(& COULD BE HELPED UP) & SQUARE OFF. SQUARING OFF WAS A TERM THAT MEANT HE HAD TO BE READY TO REMAIN FIGHTING AT A DISTANCE OF 1 YARD FROM HIS OPPONENT. UNDER THE LONDON PRIZE RING RULES, A DOWNED BOXER HAD 8 SECONDS (IN WHICH HE COULD NOT BE HELPED) TO GET BACK TO THE SCRATCH, A MARK IN THE CENTER OF THE RING, AFTER 30 SECONDS OF BEING DOWN. THESE RULES ALSO STATED THAT A ROUND ENDED AFTER A MAN WOULD GO DOWN. THE QUEENSBERRY RULES HAVE REMAINED PROFESSIONAL BOXING'S RULES OF CONDUCT EVER SINCE. JOHN L. SULLIVAN'S LAST KNOWN FIGHT WAS A BENEFIT IN 1896. BY THE END OF HIS CAREER, SULLIVAN HAD RECORDED 37 BOUTS; 32 WINS, 1 LOSS, 3 DRAWS, & 1 NO-DECISION. 12 OF HIS 32 WINS CAME BY WAY OF KNOCKOUT & THE
Sunday, November 24, 2019
Individual moral development Essays Individual moral development Essay Individual moral development Essay Main reasons are because the individual does not think he or she will get caught, or the benefit outweighs the risk. Business has opportunities to pad or Inflate expenses while making traction and takeovers. It can be hard dodo the right things when no one is watching, the account statement can be alter easily and no one will notice but It Is equally difficult when you under pressure and depend on your faith. The factors that would influence choices would include the following: faith, organization culture and economic standings. Obviously, if the organization struggling economically, and Inflating expenses could bring in enough extra money, saying no would be all the more difficult, however individual decision would depends on moral development where the action is actually take on. Culture is a common word that people generally use In relation to genealogy, country of origin, language and the way people speak, what they eat, and their customs. Many define culture as nationality or citizenship. Values, norms, artifacts, and rituals all play a role in culture. An important component of corporate, or organizational, culture is the companys ethical culture. However reporter culture involves values and norms that prescribe a wide range of behavior for organizational members, the ethical culture reflects whether the firm also has an ethical conscience. Ethical culture involves many factors, including corporate policies on ethics, top managements leadership on ethical Issues, the influence of co-workers, and the opportunity . Within the organization, sublimates can develop within work groups, decision can be easily affect by people working around you or how the senior taught you, If the organization doing their expense account the unethical way throughout he years in the past 10 years, it is very difficult for you to change to do it in an ethical way. The more ethical employees perceive an organizations culture to be, the less likely they are to make unethical decisions. Corporate culture and ethical culture are closely associated with the idea that significant others within the organization help determine ethical decisions within that organization. Those who have influence in a work group. Including peers. Managers. Coworkers, and subordinates, are referred to as significant others. Obedience to authority is an aspect of the Influence that significant others can exercise this helps to explain why many employees resolve business ethics issues by simply following the directives of a superior, because have authority which employee have significant trust In them therefore increase the Influential by those authorities. The more ethical employees perceive an organizations culture to be, the less likely they are to make unethical decisions. Numerous studies conducted over the years confirm that significant others within an organization may have more Impact on a Rorers decisions on a daily basis than any other factor. In organizations that emphasize respect for superiors, for example, employees may feel that they are wrong, he or she is likely to say, l was only carrying out orders or My boss told me to do it this way. In addition, the type of industry and the size of the organization have effects on whether employee carries out such decisions; the bigger the company, the more potential for unethical activities. Moral development involves different types: teleology, demonology, relativist, virtue ethics and Justices. Employee moral decision on whether to inflate the expense account will be base on different moral development. Teleological philosophies assess the moral worth of a behavior by looking at its consequences two important teleological philosophies that often guide decision making in individual business decisions are egoism and utilitarianism. Egoist believe they should maximize their own self interest and utilitarianism seek the greatest good for the greatest people, they believe they should maximize the greatest utility when making decisions, however, ethnologists argue that there are some things that e should not do, even to maximize utility which is completely opposite to utilitarianism. Relativists are those who use themselves and people around them as their basis for their ethical standard, these types of people will be easily influence by culture in an organization. A moral virtue represents an acquired disposition that is valued as a part of an individuals character. A person who has the character trait of honesty will be disposed to tell the truth because it is considered to be right and comfortable. This individual will always try to tell the truth because of its importance in human immunization. Justice means that the decision rules used by an individual to determine the Justice of a situation could be based on the perceived rights of individuals and on the intentions of the people involved in a given business interaction. Justice is more likely to be based on deontological moral philosophies than on teleological or utilitarian philosophies. Justice deals more with the issue of what individuals feel they are due based on their rights and performance in the workplace. In conclusion I think when I am in the situation of being encourage to inflate the expense account, the most affective would be individual moral development rather than cultural value of the organization. It is because in cultural value of organization, it is basis on other influences, however , when accounting an expense account, it is all your own work, although there will be some pressure from the head or superior on how your entry in term of the expense account, the final decision on ethical or unethical is base on self decision. Depending on the characteristic of the person, the choice will be different according to the individual moral development.
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Any topic you think is good for my paper - Assignment Example The perception of the society on comic book is based on abstract description given by the images depicted in articles and books. In brief, the definition is provided by the work of art (Faigley and Selzer). Ideally, Scott argues that the comic art should not be presented in the way it has been. The art should be simple and depict natural art. The creation of new approach to learning is vital, but the creation of conclusive understanding of terms of reference is essential in the education process. The definition argument by Scott highlights the difference in understanding of terms created by media and other related depiction (Faigley and Selzer). Additionally, the influence of traditional educational practices is evident in the creation of terms such as the traditional understanding words. The new definition of comic is based on comparison of other arts with the comic art depicted by work Scott is change of ideas on the comic articles, which have been perceived in a different way. In conclusion, the article by Scott redefines the term
Wednesday, November 20, 2019
Children's Rights and Participation - Essay Example The rights which are based on this include a question of how many rights children should have and whether this is applicable within society. While there are questions of childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s rights, others are also questioning the social structure of given areas which currently protects children who donÃ¢â¬â¢t have the rights. The dichotomy of childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s rights then becomes the main question between those who are looking at the place of children in society and the flexibility which should be included with the rights of children. This paper will explore the association between childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s rights within society as well as how this is related to the amount of childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s rights that should be distributed. The focus of protection and security, as well as the association with the development of children both has to be considered in regards to the needs of children in school, society and in the household. While equal participation can provide children with a stronger voic e for security, there is also the need to change this according to the specific levels of development among children. Sociology of Childhood The sociology of children is one which is known as a unique phenomena in society. Children are divided into a sub Ã¢â¬â group within society, specifically because of biological differences and age. ... From this perspective, the sociological components are based only on the understanding and definitions of society, as opposed to the capabilities and rights which children should have as citizens within society (Archard, 2004: 25). This creates the main difference between children and their rights, which shows a level of injustice over children and the abilities that they donÃ¢â¬â¢t have in terms of acting as responsible citizens within society because of social labels. The concept of childhood is one which has altered through sociological associations throughout time. Historical records note that the ideal of childhood has changed in different cultures and in various time frames. The idea of childhood is then implied throughout time and distinguishes rights based on the social needs of a given time frame. When a child is developed in a specific way, such as through education or work, then it becomes a reflection on what is needed within society as well as how this relates to the s pecific conditions of a given region. The idea of childhood then becomes related to a social construction which is based on age, gender, biological differences and the amount of knowledge which an individual has about the world. The social makeup of a child and the demographic differences then remain the only division in society, some which changes the roles which children play within society (Archard, 2004: 25). The differences associated with children and the social role which is taken is further implied with the expected participation in which children have within society. It is known that there are multidimensional participation processes that construct the role of a child in society and the expectations that are associated with this. The
Sunday, November 17, 2019
Sheikh Mohammed and the Making of Dubai Inc - Essay Example He founded the Emirates airlines that now covers over 100 destinations, and developed the thriving real estate market of Dubai. Such rapid development was primarily achieved by adopting capitalist market values, and despite the unfavorable conditions in the surrounding countries Sheikh Mohammed with his strong leadership qualities managed to turn Dubai into a story of success. However the success story of Dubai were not without its pitfalls, and there were claims of violation of human rights of thousands of laborers that had migrated from other countries in search of jobs, while there were claims by local inhabitants of the place losing its own cultural values. Besides these, the real estate business which had been one of the major driving forces behind DubaiÃ¢â¬â¢s astronomical economic growth was showing signs of falling apart during the global economic crises that started in 2007-2008. In order to counteract these negative aspects and maintain a stable socio-economic growth of D ubai, HH Sheikh Mohammed had to adopt tactics that integrated his skills as a business entrepreneur and a skillful business leader, with that of an effective political head of a country. Sheikh MohammedÃ¢â¬â¢s leadership style and approach shows traits of a visionary leader with traits of transformational leadership qualities.... This quality is evident in Sheikh Mohammed where it is seen that while serving as Head of Police and Security, and Director of the Department of Oil, he successfully collaborated with Conoco and many other foreign companies, while concurrently dealing effectively with a large number foreign consultants, laborers, and field workers from countries across the world, residing in Dubai. An effective leader is generally motivated to seek one of the two types of power, personalized (where one looks for personal power and sense of authority) or socialized (seeks collaboration). From the aforementioned style of working, it is clear that Sheikh Mohammed looked for socialized power where he sought collaboration from firms, experts and workers worldwide. Sheikh Mohammed, through various interviews can effectively communicate and pass his messages regarding his visions and strategy, as regards growth and development of his country, and he uses it successfully to convince his own countrymen and ot her powerful leaders and businessmen all across the world. Effective leaders also must possess self-confidence, in order to create a sense of self-esteem in others working around him or her, while still preserving a high level of personal integrity. Along with this ability the leader must possess the ability to affect an organization horizontally, vertically, externally and internally. Here the leader must gain acceptance of others involved, if he or she wishes to see a particular idea come true. The capability to forge collaborative relationships and to form an atmosphere that is conducive in nature for team work, are typical characteristics of an effective leader. This characteristic is
Friday, November 15, 2019
Public Relations Campaign Planning Research and Situational Analysis The term Ã¢â¬Ëbrain drainÃ¢â¬â¢ refers to the outflow of entrepreneurial skills and talent hindering productivity and, possibly, prospects for economic growth (Tyson, 2011). The Malaysian brain drain dilemma is attributed to political, economic, social and cultural causes (Tyson, 2011). The current world average of brain drain stands at about 5 per cent, whereas MalaysiaÃ¢â¬â¢s was at 10 per cent in the year 2000. (Foo, 2011). Out of a population of 27 million, there are an estimated 1.5 million Malaysians living abroad. The last decade brought much scrutiny and substantial media analysis on the topic of brain drain in Malaysia. Emphasis was put on numbers of skilled Malaysian-born people emigrating and its lasting effects on the Malaysian economy (Foo, 2011). In a study conducted by Foo, by examining destination country characteristics, it has been found that some of the key determinants of the brain drain dilemma include religious diversity, high Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita, proximity to home country, and English language usage. The main causes of brain drain, however, are deeply rooted and entrenched in the Malaysian society. In recent years a large of Malaysian emigrants proved to young non-Bumiputeras, In a survey conducted by the World Bank, the chief reason Malaysians aboard cite as their reason for leaving the country is social injustice. The respondents cited unequal opportunities in attaining scholarships and places in higher learning institutions (Azlan, Jeram, Sivapragasam, Tyson, 2011). Another large number cited the lack of career prospects and unattractive salaries in Malaysia as a deterrent in the decision of coming back to Malaysia. All these matters, of course attribute to the various government policies that encourage race-based incentives rather than merit-based ones. The policies in question are the economic models that uphold the Ã¢â¬ËspecialÃ¢â¬â¢ Bumiputera rights and the revisionist Ketuanan Melayu policies (Azlan, Jeram, Sivapragasam, Tyson, 2011). The barriers are the main causes identified in instigating the talent exodus or brain drain in Malaysia. The government needs to acknowledge that the brain drain is at the cost most of national development, future competitiveness and productivity (Azlan, Jeram, Sivapragasam, Tyson). To help counter the brain drain dilemma, under the Prime MinisterÃ¢â¬â¢s Department and the 10TH Malaysian Plan, Talent Corporation Malaysia Berhad (TalentCorp), was established in the year 2011 in hopes of activating and facilitating initiatives that will help to put an end to the outflow of the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s talent. The corporation will be working closely and establishing affiliations with many Malaysian Government agencies and leading companies. TalentCorp boasts a plethora of affirmative programmes to engage and attract Malaysian talents that have settled overseas while also focusing on nurturing and developing those already within Malaysia. Network-building between these talents are also prioritized. Although still new, TalentCorp claims to have a clear vision in running their organisation, which is to build effective partnerships, and make a difference in addressing MalaysiaÃ¢â¬â¢s talent needs to enable the country to reach its aspiration of a high-income nation (About Us: TalentCorp, 2011). TalentCorp also possesses a one-stop centre to deal with related matters pertaining to immigration and government documentation. To analyse TalentCorp deeper, SWOT analysis can be utilized to identify the corporationÃ¢â¬â¢s strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats. One main strength that TalentCorp has is it is run by a group of relatively young professionals, all around 25 to 40 years of age, all led by Johan Mahmood Merican. This means that the management itself could relate and acknowledge the stakeholders because of the similar age and similar experiences they may have gone through, and vice-versa. The new brains will bring a much needed vigour and vitality to the scene, especially when the old existing policies were set up by policy makers and politicians who are of an older generation. The corporationÃ¢â¬â¢s new and affirmative action team hopes to create a distinctive competence in managing the talent in Malaysia, unlike their predecessors. The main weakness of TalentCorp would be the age of the organisation itself. Since it is a newly set up organization, it may not have prominence and influence in the society yet. As a corporation, it has limited visibility and only gained nationwide exposure for a limited amount of time during the conception of the corporation. Ever since that, there has been virtually no mention of the corporations in major media platforms, even though articles and commentaries criticizing the nature of the corporation pops up from time to time in mainly opposition online media. This results in many young Malaysians in and outside of the country to fail to acknowledge TalentCorp and become aware of what it functions as. One opportunity that TalentCorp has is that it is in collaboration with many other Government agencies. Currently, it is working together with the Ministry of Higher Education (MoHE), Inland Revenue Board (LHDN), Ministry of Finance (MoF), the Public Service Department (JPA) among others. With all these partnerships at its disposal, TalentCorp can benefit greatly from the resources, manpower, and intellectual property to come up with even better policies in the benefit of its stakeholders. The main threat that the corporation faces is the target audience themselves. The professionals who are living aboard already made that difficult decision to migrate in hopes of greener pastures elsewhere. It is important to know that most of the emigrants are of non-Bumiputera stock, mainly comprising of Malaysian Chinese. Looking back at the main causes of brain drain, while abroad, these people have become accustomed to being rewarded based on their personal performance and merit, unlike the Bumiputera-rights based policies they have been subjected to in Malaysia. While TalentCorp, with its various incentives and affirmative action plans might be able to convince them that there are opportunities abound in the homeland, the professionals will be doubtful of the existence of a meritocracy-based, level-playing field, back home. This raging doubt coupled with the many unpleasant happenings in the country they have come to know from a globally wired world may be the biggest deterrent of them returning home. TalentCorp needs to realize all these and investigate further into the issue. Action Planning Objectives In relation to public relations management campaign strategies, the main objectives of TalentCorp are to be evaluated. The objectives of this corporation are: To optimise Malaysian talent; To attract and facilitate global talent; and To build networks of top talent To analyse the objectives, the SMART objective approach should be used. The objectives should be specific, measurable, attainable, realistic, and time-bound. In the case of TalentCorpÃ¢â¬â¢s objectives, they merely state the obvious, without specifically stating the details of what has to be done. There is little information on how the objective is supposed to be measured and attained, with the absence of actual quantifiable figures. The lack of a specific time-frame suggests that there is no specific time-period for corporationÃ¢â¬â¢s activities to be carried out. The objectives instead should be presented as: to optimize Malaysian talent by 50% among Malaysians by the end of 2014, Key Messages The key messages that should be prominent during the entire course of the campaign are: Suicide can be prevented through early detection and professional intervention. Suicide is not the solution, seek professional help. Suicide is a growing problem in Malaysia. Target Public TalentCorpÃ¢â¬â¢s the primary target audience or the group and the current focus of their campaign are Malaysian citizens currently staying and working overseas. Although this target public is the essence of establishing the whole programme, emphasis should also be given to Malaysian students currently pursuing tertiary education, who are contemplating on staying in their host country when studying overseas in the future, as they are the future of the country. The secondary target public are the journalists and a variety of media houses to promote the agenda of TalentCorp to future primary target audience and the Malaysian public. Strategies Based on the objective of optimizing Malaysian talent, these three strategies have been put forward: Raise career awareness by of ETP career opportunities for tertiary students through physical and virtual channels and involving selected company partners and key sectors Build platforms to optimise talent-Manage assignment of scholars- Establish early involvement of industry in university life- Encourage collaboration of companies, industry bodies and learning institutions to develop structured internships Enhance school-to-work transition- Upskill to address critical skills gaps in key sectors- Advocate policy change Build HR community and advocate best practices Based on the objective of attracting and facilitating global talent, these strategies have been put forward: Outreach to Malaysians abroad- Assist key industries and companies to meet talent requirements through facilitation and outreach programmes Facilitate returning talent- Facilitate ease of entry for global talent Address policy impediments on entry of global talent Enhance expatriate facilitation- Facilitate ease of entry for global talent Pilot catalytic initiatives for policy refinement Based on the objective of building networks of top talent, these are the strategies that have been put forward: Build networks of future leaders -Develop networks for leadership pipelining Private-Public Sector and Intra-Private Sector Talent Cross Assignments Develop diaspora networking platforms- Develop networks of professional diaspora and eminent Malaysians to assess opportunities in Malaysia or contribute from abroad Engage expatriate community- Engage expatriate community to develop networks Communication Tactics The tactics can basically be separated into two categories; public campaign tactics and media campaign tactics. This is because the different target publics need different strategies to be communicated to. But there should always be a realisation that both types of tactics are very-much dependent on each other and are interlinked. For Malaysian talents already living overseas, professional outreach programmes like sector-focused networking programmes for the Malaysian diaspora are organised in major cities around the world. In these programmes, the participants can be connected to potential employers and explore available opportunities back home. Student outreach programmes can help TalentCorp engage with top Malaysian students aboard. Possible collaborators to look into are the Education Ministry, Jabatan Perkhidmtan Awam or JPA and various student associations. To facilitate returning talent, a programme called the Returning Expert Programme (REP) was introduced, with tax cut incentives, Permanent Resident (PR) status for foreign spouses, and potential positions in MalaysiaÃ¢â¬â¢s leading companies. There is also a REP Club, which functions to provide a sense of inclusiveness within the community and network building. One public campaign tactic that will directly resonate with the suggested primary target public, Malaysian tertiary students who are contemplating to contribute to the brain drain is to have career fairs and road shows by collaboration with universities and local leading companies. The face-to-face interaction between the students and employer creates channels of raising awareness in job environments and requirements. Besides that, a regularly updated organisational website will be set up for easy information access that will also serve as an online portal for career awareness and career guidance in attaining jobs in local companies. Building a presence in social media platforms, such as creating a Facebook page or creating a Twitter account will resonate with the young, tech-savvy individuals of the target public. Another public campaign tactic is to have upskilling programmes and internship opportunities with leading companies for tertiary education students that will function as a fast track to their career in Malaysia. Competitions could be held to increase the visibility of TalentCorp in the minds of the students. Working together with JPA, TalentCorp established the Scholarship Talent Attraction Retention (STAR) programme, whereby a scholarship bond requires the scholars to work with leading companies in Malaysia. Publishing and printing collaterals such as posters and pamphlets that are distributed to institutions of higher learning will drive the message of these youth-targeted programmes and of the organisation itself to town. For the media tactics to be carried out, we have to realize that the media plays a crucial role in disseminating any information gained from the client, whereby in this case, is a corporation which is under the purview of the government, to the target audience. Ultimately, in essence, no campaign is successful without a media relations campaign. Hence, as PR practitioners it should be wise to plan out the tactics through a wide range of media. By building the campaign around a newsworthy event like the talent and student outreach programmes, the likelihood of the media houses, especially print media, carrying the stories and key messages will be very high. The measures taken to Ã¢â¬ËplaceÃ¢â¬â¢ news stories will be very important. The media tactics that will be used in the campaign are: Press Releases The press release announcing the proposition of the event and the campaign in general, would be sent to the database of journalists, newsdesks of major media and even online news organisations. The media targeted in this tactic are print media and online media. Media Briefing Before an actual press conference is called upon the issue, there could be a small-scale media briefing to let individual or a small, select group of journalists know about the event and the intended key messages to be delivered. A smaller, more intimate session will allow issues to be clarified better and helps develop relationships with journalists as well. The media targeted in this tactic are print media and online media. Press Conference A national-level outreach programme or event ultimately calls for a press conference to be conducted. Through the press conference, larger groups of journalists and media houses could be targeted. The press conference provides the organisers a controlled environment to unveil statements and deliver their intended key messages accurately. Nevertheless, a press conference can also be an uncontrolled environment as the organisers are subjected to media enquiries and questions. A separate evaluative press conference could be held after the event as well. A media kit containing press statements, profile of the organisation, pamphlets and souvenirs will be provided to all the journalists present. The media targeted in this tactic are print media, broadcast media, and online media Television and Radio Utilising broadcast media such as television and radio, can be used to address and portray issues clearly. Interviews and talks featuring credible opinion leaders, government officials, and the organisers and management team of TalentCorp themselves will help set the campaigns agenda clearly. Radio could also add an interactive element to the programs aired by encouraging the participation of interactive callers, otherwise known as Ã¢â¬ËTalkback-RadioÃ¢â¬â¢. Also, the broadcast media have a great audience penetration. Evaluation Since this is public relations campaign, the evaluative measures should focus and assess the impact of the public relations efforts. But before the summative evaluation, implementation checking and formative monitoring should be conducted to correct any discrepancies and assess the progress of the campaign (Lattimore, Baskin, Heiman, Toth, 2013). To measure the worth of public relations efforts, an impact analysis could be conducted. The audience coverage addresses whether the intended audiences were reached. One could track the media coverage of all the events and activities that have been promoted. For print publication, special electronic databases can be used to track specific key words and terms related to the event. Google News offers a similar service too. The cumulative index of readers of the posts about the campaign and the TalentCorp programmes could also be assessed. In terms of broadcast media, its audience interactivity allows oneÃ¢â¬â¢s to gauge the number of inquiries, opinions and requests for advice. We could also take the program tune-in rate to account. At the end of each outreach programme and personal engagements with the publics, a survey could be handed out to a select few of the attendees to measure and evaluate the audience response. This could also be done electronically by including a feedback section in the corporationÃ¢â¬â¢s website. Besides that, we could also assess the number of hits on the organisationÃ¢â¬â¢s website, especially when journalists or other interested parties follow up mentions of the event in other media. For newspapers, we can monitor the number of press-releases that have been issued and comparing it with the newspaper take-up rates. Campaign exposure can also be measured by press cuttings. With or without consensus, the positionÃ of the Malaysian government is quite clear: the brain drain is detrimental to nationalÃ development, productivity and future competitiveness. Therefore the government continuesÃ to experiment with policy initiatives in order to reduce, or even reverse, the brain drain,Ã pinning a significant amount of hope on the newly created Talent Corporation led by JohanÃ Mahmood Merican. Most of the initiatives to date have been about economic reform andÃ have been driven by technocrats, leaving a void that needs to be filled with pragmatic andÃ robust political analysis. For instance, in a somewhat controversial editorial, Mokhtar (2010)Ã opined that the talent exodus can be explained by disillusionment linked to rising crime, aÃ tainted judiciary, human rights abuses, and an outmoded education system. While theÃ general assumption is that Chinese and Indian Malaysians have a greater tendency to leaveÃ because of their pendatang (so journer, alien) status Ã¢â¬â being guests in a bumiputera (Malay)Ã land Ã¢â¬â increasing numbers of Malays have emigrated as well, disillusioned by corruptÃ practices as well as the rigid confines of state Islam (Mokhtar 2010).
Tuesday, November 12, 2019
A Student Commentary on Big Media's Attack on Fan Websites The fight between legal departments at major movie and TV studios and producers of fan websites has reached a fever pitch. The legal department of Fox TV sent out notices to cease and desist to two webmasters of fan "King Of The Hill" websites. Fox Primetime has cracked down on fan sites before, most notably those saluting "The X-Files." It boggles the mind why fan sites pose such a threat to the studios. It would seem that for a fan to take the time and spend the money to build a website without any hope of financial reward would be the supreme compliment to a given show. I know of no fan site which makes money. Usually, unless the webmaster has a free account through their College or University, their Internet access and web space costs money. And if not always a money sink, sites like these are always a time sink. These fans are taking time out of their busy educational and/or work schedules to give these shows free publicity. Still photographs from movies and TV shows used for reviews and/or given away, with or without autographs, to fans has been a traditional means of promoting a studio's wares. When fans offer stills for other fans to collect on the Internet, they are conducting a type of trade which has for decades existed via the mail and in face to face memorabilia swaps. There is more controversy about audio and video clips, but the fact remains that 10% of a copyrighted work of art can be duplicated for "fair use" purposes according to the Berne Convention, the current standard of law on copyrights for most of the world. Current audio techniques for the Internet like .AU, .AIFF, and .WAV get very, very large unless the audio snippet is only a matter of seconds long. And Real Audio .RAM files and Shockwave Streaming Audio files both play as they pass by and are not stored on a person's computer. We are not talking about piracy here. We are talking about a sample that's only a few seconds long, which the people who painstakingly make the sample slave over without any hope of recompense, and which takes up frightfully large chunks of server space. This goes double for the most controversial element of fan sites -- video clips. AVI Video For Windows and QuickTime video files are extremely largely sized.
Sunday, November 10, 2019
TomÃ¢â¬â¢s double role in The Glass MenagerieÃ¢â¬âas a character whose recollections the play documents and as a character who acts within those recollectionsÃ¢â¬âunderlines the playÃ¢â¬â¢s tension between objectively presented dramatic truth and memoryÃ¢â¬â¢s distortion of truth. Unlike the other characters, Tom sometimes addresses the audience directly, seeking to provide a more detached explanation and assessment of what has been happening onstage. But at the same time, he demonstrates real and sometimes juvenile emotions as he takes part in the playÃ¢â¬â¢s action. This duality can frustrate our understanding of Tom, as it is hard to decide whether he is a character whose assessments should be trusted or one who allows his emotions to affect his judgment. It also shows how the nature of recollection is itself problematic: memory often involves confronting a past in which one was less virtuous than one is now. Because The Glass Menagerie is partly autobiographical, and because Tom is a stand-in for the playwright himself (WilliamsÃ¢â¬â¢s given name was Thomas, and he, like Tom, spent part of his youth in St. Louis with an unstable mother and sister, his father absent much of the time), we can apply this comment on the nature of memory to WilliamsÃ¢â¬â¢s memories of his own youth. Even taken as a single character, Tom is full of contradiction. On the one hand, he reads literature, writes poetry, and dreams of escape, adventure, and higher things. On the other hand, he seems inextricably bound to the squalid, petty world of the Wingfield household. We know that he reads D. H. Lawrence and follows political developments in Europe, but the content of his intellectual life is otherwise hard to discern. We have no idea of TomÃ¢â¬â¢s opinion on Lawrence, nor do we have any indication of what TomÃ¢â¬â¢s poetry is about. All we learn is what he thinks about his mother, his sister, and his warehouse jobÃ¢â¬âprecisely the things from which he claims he wants to escape. TomÃ¢â¬â¢s attitude toward Amanda and Laura has puzzled critics. Even though he clearly cares for them, he is frequently indifferent and even cruel toward them. His speech at the close of the play demonstrates his strong feelings for Laura. But he cruelly deserts her and Amanda, and not once in the course of the play does he behave kindly or lovingly toward LauraÃ¢â¬ânot even when he nocks down her glass menagerie. Critics have suggested that TomÃ¢â¬â¢s confusing behavior indicates an incestuous attraction toward his sister and his shame over that attraction. This theory casts an interesting light on certain moments of the playÃ¢â¬âfor example, when Amanda and Tom discuss Laura at the end of Scene Five. TomÃ¢â¬â¢s insistence that Laura is hopelessly peculiar and cannot survive in the outside world, while Amanda (and later Jim) claims that LauraÃ¢â¬â¢s oddness is a positive thing, could have as much to do with his jealous desire to keep his sister to himself as with LauraÃ¢â¬â¢s own quirks. Amanda Wingfield If there is a signature character type that marks Tennessee WilliamsÃ¢â¬â¢s dramatic work, it is undeniably that of the faded Southern belle. Amanda is a clear representative of this type. In general, a Tennessee Williams faded belle is from a prominent Southern family, has received a traditional upbringing, and has suffered a reversal of economic and social fortune at some point in her life. Like Amanda, these women all have a hard time coming to terms with their new status in societyÃ¢â¬âand indeed, with modern society in general, which disregards the social distinctions that they were taught to value. Their relationships with men and their families are turbulent, and they staunchly defend the values of their past. As with Amanda, their maintenance of genteel manners in very ungenteel surroundings can appear tragic, comic, or downright grotesque. Amanda is the playÃ¢â¬â¢s most extroverted and theatrical character, and one of modern American dramaÃ¢â¬â¢s most coveted female roles (the acclaimed stage actress Laurette Taylor came out of semi-retirement to play the role in the original production, and a number of legendary actresses, including Jessica Tandy, have since taken on the role). AmandaÃ¢â¬â¢s constant nagging of Tom and her refusal to see Laura for who she really is are certainly reprehensible, but Amanda also reveals a willingness to sacrifice for her loved ones that is in many ways unparalleled in the play. She subjects herself to the humiliating drudgery of subscription sales in order to enhance LauraÃ¢â¬â¢s marriage prospects, without ever uttering so much as a word of complaint. The safest conclusion to draw is that Amanda is not evil but is deeply flawed. In fact, her flaws are centrally responsible for the tragedy, comedy, and theatrical flair of her character. Like her children, Amanda withdraws from reality into fantasy. Unlike them, she is convinced that she is not doing so and, consequently, is constantly making efforts to engage with people and the world outside her family. AmandaÃ¢â¬â¢s monologues to her children, on the phone, and to Jim all reflect quite clearly her moral and psychological failings, but they are also some of the most colorful and unforgettable words in the play. Laura Wingfield The physically and emotionally crippled Laura is the only character in the play who never does anything to hurt anyone else. Despite the weight of her own problems, she displays a pure compassionÃ¢â¬âas with the tears she sheds over TomÃ¢â¬â¢s unhappiness, described by Amanda in Scene FourÃ¢â¬âthat stands in stark contrast to the selfishness and grudging sacrifices that characterize the Wingfield household. Laura also has the fewest lines in the play, which contributes to her aura of selflessness. Yet she is the axis around which the plot turns, and the most prominent symbolsÃ¢â¬âblue roses, the glass unicorn, the entire glass menagerieÃ¢â¬âall in some sense represent her. Laura is as rare and peculiar as a blue rose or a unicorn, and she is as delicate as a glass figurine. Other characters seem to assume that, like a piece of transparent glass, which is colorless until light shines upon it, Laura can take on whatever color they wish. Thus, Amanda both uses the contrast between herself and Laura to emphasize the glamour of her own youth and to fuel her hope of re-creating that youth through Laura. Tom and Jim both see Laura as an exotic creature, completely and rather quaintly foreign to the rest of the world. Yet LauraÃ¢â¬â¢s crush on the high school hero, Jim, is a rather ordinary schoolgirl sentiment, and a girl as supposedly fragile as Laura could hardly handle the days she spends walking the streets in the cold to avoid going to typing class. Through actions like these, Laura repeatedly displays a will of her own that defies othersÃ¢â¬â¢ perceptions of her, and this will repeatedly goes unacknowledged.
Friday, November 8, 2019
The Impact of Social Media in Our Daily Lives What Is Social Media? Social media is an electronic tool that serves to connect people remotely at their convenience. Some of the versions of this tool are LinkedIn, Facebook, Twitter, Pinterest, among others. MEDIA INFLUENCE FEMALE PERCEPTION OF THE BODY IMAGE. AGREE OR DISAGREE? There are several reasons why social media is important in our everyday life as outlined herein: Reason 1.Ã It helps people connect with their friends and make some new ones as well. Reason 2.Ã It helps people share what they are doing or details on where they are with the rest of the world. Reason 3.Ã It is also an avenue where you can order social media essay online or buy social media essay as well. What Social Media Are the Most Popular? Pinterest The importance of images on the web cannot be overemphasized and that is why Pinterest continues to gain praise as the only platform that has attracted the highest number of unique visits on a monthly basis. It makes use of the pinboard-style which is quite enticing and can be used to collect best images. Pinterest is also infiltrating the shopping market even as retailers take to using it. WhatsApp This tool has become one of the most popular platforms for instant messaging and can either work with data or internet connection to send or receive messages. Other than that, you can send voice messages, photos, and videos too. WhatsApp comes with customized features as well such as notification sounds, profiles, and wallpapers. Better still, you can allow it to connect to the address book on your phone for all your contacts to be transferred to it. Facebook This is the most popular social network on the internet with a record number of active users and those who take the time to log in on a daily basis. Just after WhatsApp, Facebook Messenger is the second most popular app in the world, used for messaging. You should also expect the dominance of Facebook to continue in future after its acquisition of Whatsapp. Twitter If you need access to instant news, then, twitter should be your number one choice. Twitter is a microblogging network that allows you to share different kinds of multimedia content through tweets. Many individuals continue to use it throughout the world as they enjoy the aspect of unfiltered feed. It is simply the best platform to discover what is happening in the rest of the world instantly. How Social Media Influence Us Social media has both positive and negative influence on individuals. The Good Immediate access to information Twitter delivers instant details on what is happening around you and the rest of the world from various sources hence, it is impossible to miss a thing. A level playing field for business Previously, for your business to be known you had to invest heavily in advertisements. Contrary to that, nowadays businesses can speak to the world through social media, which is a better option. The Bad Talk without action Though social media is an invaluable communication tool, today we see hashtag conversations that cause people to vent on these platforms but no action is taken in the end. Hiding behind anonymity It goes without saying that many are using social media to hide their identities for mischievous reasons. Hence, habitual pranksters and trolls have found a haven on this platform. VIOLENCE IN THE MEDIA CAUSES VIOLENCE IN CHILDREN Where Will Social Media Be in 10 Years? It is true that in the coming days you should expect a revolution in the world of social media. Some of the things to expect are that businesses will be keen to align their strategies in accordance with social media trends. The other thing that businesses will do is train their call center, staff. That will be in line with responding to Twitter, WhatsApp, and Messenger questions directly sent from clients. This will ensure prompt responses and better customer service for enhanced productivity. Social media is already part of our lives and we need to embrace it. However, it is important to set boundaries on the extent to which we should allow it to control our lives. If you need a social media essay, feel free to place an order. We can help you with writing any type of academic paper. Focus on something more important than aÃ college degree.
Wednesday, November 6, 2019
Urbanization And China Example Urbanization And China Ã¢â¬â Coursework Example URBAN PLANNING URBAN PLANNING There was restriction on the rural-urban migration which were set by the government. Secondly, it was the rustication period where the employment opportunities or prospects of a better life in the urban centers was bleak and less. Thirdly, there was the agricultural responsibility system which benefited the people in the rural areas and thus they had little or less incentives to move to urban areas and increase the population of urban areas. The Chinese government increased the foreign direct investment incentives and encouraged more investments into China which encouraged more jobs in the urban centers. In principle, the government changed some of the restrictive and punitive legislations and policies that hindered the flow of foreign investments and chances or opportunities. The urbanization movement has been balanced regionally, because the counties or states which have higher economic endowments have higher population and number of people. Thus, coun ties such as Shanghai has higher population due to prospects of opportunities of employments. China faces a surge and challenge of a very high population which cannot be fed or taken care of by the existing natural resources and endowments. It is challenging to struggle with limited resources yet the number of people able and willing to work at the existing wage rate is high. As a remedy, it would be critical to control the high population by adopting family planning tendencies and approaches. Secondly, china may give the interest groups such as youths and women grants and other incentives to start their own businesses and employment since the government cannot accommodate the high population. ReferenceLevy, J.M. (2013). Contemporary urban planning (10th ed.). Upper Saddler River, NJ: Pearson-Prentice Hall Press.
Sunday, November 3, 2019
Health and Sustainability of Food Systems in Toronto City - Essay Example Farm inputs used in food production should not contaminate food products with such potentially harmful contents. In this regard, the World Commission on Environment and Development defined sustainable food production processes as those that meet the present consumersÃ¢â¬â¢ needs without compromising the ability to meet the nutritional needs of future generations. In this context, food production processes that use harmful pesticides and fertilizers to alter the soilÃ¢â¬â¢s natural composition are neither sustainable nor healthy for food systems. However, production processes that utilize environmentally friendly farm inputs not only foster environmental protection but also improve the nutritional soundness of food products in the market. As identified in class, common vulnerabilities in farm inputs sector including but not limited to: use of chemicals, high energy costs and swift evolution of farm machinery. Food production is a business, and farmers expect to earn profits from t heir farm produces. In food production, profit margins are determined by three distinct factors: the cost of production, amount of yield, and market prices of harvested produces. Occasionally, amount of farm yields increase with increased use of inputs like pesticides, while heavy use of pesticides translates to the increased cost of production. In food production, cost of chemicals like pesticides is of a particular concern to farmers. Farm chemicals are expensive; it requires approximately $50-100 million to develop a new inorganic pesticide.
Friday, November 1, 2019
Subjective and Objective Perspectives of Photography - Essay Example This quotation mentions a highly debated argument of the twenty-first century- the challenge associated with the reliability of camera-generated imagery and its contrast with paintings. Photographs have the tendency to mold our thinking in a way we never dreamt of. Following is a critical analysis of this comment about subjective and objective perspectives of photography. In recent years awareness about the nature of camera imagery made people change their stereotypical views regarding the issue. In order to support my essay, I have quoted references from related literature to further elaborate this viewpoint. Ã¢â¬Å"Photographic images have historically enjoyed, in our societies, a unique role, based for the most part on their supposed credibility. They have been acknowledged to offer a truthful visual representation of the world and our societies accept it as truth sentences such as "Photographs don't lie," "A picture is worth a thousand words," and "Seeing is believing" (Garvard, 1999). Camera generated images experience a subjective overtone together with automatic and mechanized actions involved in photography. Over the years images have played a unique role in different societies because of the evidence that they are real representations of the events being captured. The main criticism is against the idea of believing what you see in a photograph as the images are not logically true. Rather, they are treated according to the aspiration of the photographer in order to assimilate certain meanings to them. With the passage of time and with technological advancement photographers manipulate the photo with subjective elements like personalization and framing. There is also a personal touch to photographs, as photographers project their own opinions into the image from choosing what to shoot to managing the pictureÃ¢â¬â¢s background.