Sunday, June 2, 2019
The Human Animal Essay -- Sociology
Several things make earth different from savages. These include burying of the dead by humans out of respect, humans evolving to stop relying primarily on instinct, humans being aware of themselves, the feeling of wrong and right sense, as well as evil and moral, complex languages and methods of communication by humans, human use of the brain in exceedingly complex ways compared to animals, and human ability to advance technology. The inclose of this paper is to delve into the consequences of these differences. The paper will study moral behaviour, human uniqueness, and consciousness or lack of consciousness.The first consequence of the difference between humans and animals is human uniqueness (Levinas, 2004 p48). Any attempt to answer the question of what humanness is should involve a study of the results of seeing people as lacking or having humanness. Consequences of this question include the dehumanization of groups that are despised and the excuse making to explain ones faili ngs as being only human. This question reveals that there exist both direct consequences of humanness human nature and human uniqueness (Jeeves, 2011 p32). Human nature refers to the attributes seen as typically, essentially, and fundamentally human. Human uniqueness, on the other hand, refers to those attributes that distinguish an animal from a human being. Differences that lead to human uniqueness are a large brain and an prepare posture (Levinas, 2004 p49). Human is the only species of vertebrates that possess an erect posture and a gait that is bipedal. While birds are also bipedal, their backbone stands horizontally rather than vertically with the exception of the penguin. Despite kangaroos being bipedal, they do non possess an erect posture, a... ...uences are freely observable, and are what make a human be referred to as so.ReferencesCavalieri, Paola. The Animal Debate A Reexamination in In Defense of Animals The Second . London Blackwell Publishers,, 2006.Descartes, Ren e. From the Letters of 1646 and 1649 in Linda Kalof and Amy Fitzgerald Eds. . Oxford Berg, 2007.Jeeves, Malcolm A. Rethinking human nature a multidisciplinary approach. Grand Rapids William B. Eerdmans Pub. Co, 2011.Johnson, Clarence Shol. Cornel West and Philosophy. London Routledge,, 2003.Kant, Immanuel. Duties Towards Animals and Spirits in Lectures on Ethics, trans Louis . New York The Century Co, 1963.Levinas, Emmanuel. The Name of a Dog, or Natural Rights in Peter Atterton and Matthew. London Continuum, 2004.Nitecki, Matthew H. Evolutionary ethics. New York State Univ. of New York Press, 2003.